Obesity & Weight Management Programs Essay

Obesity & Weight Management Programs Essay

Weight Management Case Study
Susie is a 51-year-old female. She is 5’5” and weighs 202 pounds. Susie has always struggled with her weight and has tried several fad diets over the years only to end up gaining more weight in the end. She recently had a doctor’s visit, at which she was told she is hypertensive with elevated LDL levels. The doctor prompted her to improve her health through diet and exercise. Susie is frustrated and does not understand why she cannot lose weight. She drives an hour to work both ways and has a desk job. In her free time, she enjoys knitting and cooking. A quick 24-hour recall reveals the following pattern of intake:Obesity & Weight Management Programs Essay


1. Calculate Susie’s BMI (show your work). What is her BMI Classification?
The BMI (Body Mass Index) formula determines an individual’s body fat based on height and weight in terms of kilos/kilograms and meters. The categories or classifications are as follows: Underweight = 18.5, Normal Weight = 18.5–24.9, Overweight = 25–29.9, Obesity = 30 or greater (National Heart, Lung, and Blood Institute). The formulaic equation is: BMI = xKg/yM or number of kilograms divided by meters. Susie weighs 202 pounds (91.6 kilograms) and her height is 5’5” (1.65 meters): 91.6/1.65 = 55.5 . Categorically Susie’s BMI would place her in the obese category. The ideal weight for Susie, according to her height, is 56 kilos or 125 pounds.

Weight Control is the process of losing or avoiding excessive body fat. It is based on the relationship between the amount of food you eat and the amount of exercise you get. The less you eat and the more you exercise, the less fat you will have. Weight control has medical importance because being obese (too fat) can lead to health problems. Obesity is a serious disorder and may result in emotional and social problems. Overweight people may not be obese, though the word overweight is often used for obese. Being overweight means weighing more than the average for a certain height.Obesity & Weight Management Programs Essay

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Some people weigh less than average for their height because they have small bones and muscles. Others are underweight because they have less fat. In either case, being underweight is not unhealthy. But people may be underweight as the result of a disease–cancer, diabetes, or tuberculosis, for example. In some children, underweight may be the first sign of growth failure. An underweight person should consult a doctor. If no illness is found, there is no reason to worry.

An overweight person who is not too fat does not need to lose weight for health reasons. The person would do better simply to stay physically fit with such exercise as walking or taking part in sports.Obesity & Weight Management Programs Essay

Dangers of Obesity

Obese people are more likely than thin people to get certain diseases. The treatment of these diseases among the obese is also less likely to succeed. Such diseases include appendicitis, cirrhosis, diabetes, and diseases of the heart and blood vessels, especially coronary heart disease. A fat patient with one of these diseases has a better chance of recovery if he or she reduces.

Obese people have more falls and other accidents than thin people because they are slower and clumsier. Their recovery from injury is often difficult because surgery performed on them is complicated. Obesity cuts down freedom of movement, especially in the elderly, and thus can lower general health because of lack of exercise. The decreased freedom of movement in obese patients with arthritis also makes treatment difficult.

In many parts of the world, obese people may be rejected in various ways. Fat people are often treated unkindly by others, including their classmates in school. They generally have less social success than other people and may find it harder to get jobs.Obesity & Weight Management Programs Essay

Causes of Obesity

Overeating. You can gain or lose weight as a result of eating more or fewer calories than you need. A calorie is a unit used to measure the heat energy that the body gets from a certain amount of food. If you eat more calories than you use, most will turn into body fat. If you eat fewer than you use, your body will convert its fat into energy. During any period of days or weeks, if you eat 3,500 more calories than you use, you will gain 1 pound (0.5 kilogram). You will lose a pound of body fat if you eat 3,500 fewer calories than you use. Some countries that use the metric system measure the heat energy obtained from food in joules instead of calories. About 4,182 joules equal one calorie.

A surplus of calories is necessary for growth in children and pregnant women. But they will gain excess body fat if they eat too many calories.

The amount of food you eat can play a much more important role in weight control than the kinds of food. People who are overweight, of normal weight, or underweight may all eat the same kinds of food. Their weight difference results from the amount and type of food they eat in relation to the amount of energy they use.Obesity & Weight Management Programs Essay

Certain centers in the brain control appetite, hunger, and satiety, the group of sensations that cause you to stop eating when your appetite and hunger have been satisfied. These brain centers normally make people eat an amount of food that provides enough energy for their needs. The feeding centers cause people to want to eat. The satiety centers act as a brake on the feeding centers and make people want to stop eating.

The feeding and satiety centers are extremely complicated mechanisms. They may be disturbed by such causes as emotional pressures and physical characteristics. For example, emotional pressures such as great disappointment cause some people to stop all physical activity. At such times, these people eat more than they usually do–and gain weight. Other people move around more and eat much less–and lose weight.

Some scientists believe that overfeeding infants causes them to develop too many fat cells. They claim that these cells store fat so readily that such people are likely to be obese for the rest of their lives.Obesity & Weight Management Programs Essay

Physical Inactivity is a leading cause of obesity among all age groups, but especially among children and teen-agers. Most obese young people do not eat more than young people of normal weight. But they are so inactive that, even with a moderate appetite, they eat more than they need–and accumulate excess fat.

Exercise uses up many calories, and the more vigorous the activity, the more calories are used. A 150-pound (68-kilogram) person walking at an average speed of 3 1/2 miles (5.6 kilometers) per hour will use up 502 calories–the number of calories in a malted milk shake–in 97 minutes. That person will use up the same number of calories in 61 minutes by riding a bicycle, or in 26 minutes by running.Obesity & Weight Management Programs Essay

The number of calories used is proportional to a person’s weight. If you weigh 75 pounds, for example, you will use up half as many calories as a 150-pound person by doing the same exercise for the same length of time.


The appetite of active people can increase if they become very active. If they become inactive, their appetite will not necessarily decrease. Appetite does not go below a minimum level even if activity drops.

Heredity. Scientists have learned much about the relationship between heredity and obesity in animals, especially mice. This relationship is based on genes, the basic units in cells that determine inherited characteristics. Genes determine whether excess weight is stored as lean or fat tissue. Scientists have discovered that mice and certain other animals have a gene that causes the satiety center not to operate. Other genes in some mice cause their bodies to overproduce certain hormones. As a result of these hormones, the mice make body fat too easily or use it up with difficulty. Still other genes cause some mice to become obese more quickly than others when physically inactive or when given a diet high in fat.Obesity & Weight Management Programs Essay

In human beings, the action of genes is not as well known as in animals. However, there is evidence that some people are more likely to become obese than others because of their genes. For example, studies of high school students show that only about 8 per cent of the children of thin parents were obese. Among families where one parent was obese, 70 per cent of the children were fat. Among families with both parents obese, 80 per cent of the children were fat. Adopted children do not show this relationship to their adoptive parents.

Diseases and Other Causes. Obesity may result from a number of diseases. Some ailments of the endocrine glands cause these glands to release too much of a hormone into the blood stream. The excess hormone disturbs the feeding and satiety centers of the brain. In addition, obesity can result from damage to these brain centers caused by infection, injury, or a tumor.Obesity & Weight Management Programs Essay

How to Control Obesity

You should consult a physician and have a medical checkup before starting an extensive weight reduction program. The advice of a dietitian is also useful. An obese person may need psychological help as well, especially if the person is young and has been teased and made to feel guilty, hopeless, or worthless. Psychological treatment can help remove these feelings so that the obesity can be treated as a medical problem.

Diet. The first step to weight reduction is to develop a healthy diet that stops weight gain. Any reducing diet must provide fewer calories. If a man needs 3,000 calories a day to maintain his weight with his habits of life, he should eat only 2,000 calories a day to lose 2 pounds (0.9 kilogram) a week. It is generally dangerous to lose weight any faster.

The foods in a reducing diet must be well-balanced. That is, they must provide enough of all the nutrients needed for good health. There is no evidence that extreme diets–for example, “low carbohydrate” or “low protein” diets, or diets based on single foods–have any advantage over a well-balanced diet. For information on well-balanced diets. A reducing diet should also be good tasting and easy to buy and to cook.Obesity & Weight Management Programs Essay

A weight reducer should study charts that give the number of calories in various foods. Many people believe that such foods as baked potatoes and bread have many more calories than they do. They also underestimate the calories in such foods as steak.

The distribution of calories among meals and snacks is up to the individual. Some people do not get too hungry if they divide their calories among four or five light meals or snacks a day. Other people are able to follow a diet better if they eat three meals a day and have no snacks.

Exercise. A person going on a reducing diet must get more exercise. But an obese person–even one who is otherwise healthy–should not suddenly start a program of prolonged, heavy exercise. The strain on the heart would be dangerous. An exercise program should be developed gradually. One good way to start is to take daily walks, increasing their duration. More demanding exercises can be added as the person becomes thinner and fitter. A person should build up to five to six hours of exercise per week. A physician should be consulted before starting any vigorous exercise program.

Surgery. Extremely fat people whose obesity is life-threatening and who fail at dieting may have to undergo a surgical operation to reduce the size of the stomach. In one such operation, called gastroplasty or gastric stapling procedure, the surgeon uses a large stapling device to close off most of the patient’s stomach. After the surgery, the patient can eat only a small amount of food before becoming full.Obesity & Weight Management Programs Essay

There are several different ways and means of losing weight. Some people have surgeries, take pills, or starve themselves to death to reach this goal. The purpose of this essay is to compare and contrast the expenses, health benefits, and the consequences of weight loss between these different methods. The best way to lose weight is to eat healthy and exercise properly, because this method is more beneficial and the results are more positive.
During the last decades technology has gone so far that now people get an unexpected chance of quick change of body and health. Weight loss or bariatric surgery is regarded as a fast mean of losing weight and getting fit body. This type of weight loss is not for everybody. It is recommended only for those people who failed in any other method of losing weight or for those who have serious health issues or severe obesity. There are two types of bariatric surgery: restrictive and malabsorptive (Berdanier et al., 2008). Restrictive surgery limits food intake, by shrinking stomach size, modifying long-term eating behavior.Obesity & Weight Management Programs Essay  The advantages of this procedure is that it is technically easier to carry out and fewer mineral and vitamin deficiencies are noted. The disadvantage of the surgery is the risk of increasing frequency of calorie consumption. Malabsorptive surgery limits the absorption of food by extraction or rearrangement of digestive system (Berdanier et al., 2008). The advantage of that procedure is rapid weight loss without changing eating habits. Unfortunately, this surgery exclude most of the small intestine from the digestive tract that is why less calories and nutrients are absorbed. This type of surgery is no longer recommended because it results in nutritional deficiencies (Berdanier et al., 2008). As mentioned above, weight loss surgery can be very effective in achievement of long-term weight loss. But as any other surgery it carries a lot of risks, which vary according to your age and the degree of your obesity.
Another way to lose or control weight is taking weight loss drugs. They are prescribed for those people who could not lose weight with any other method. Before buying any medication the person should consult a doctor on what types of drugs are approved by the U. S. Food and Drug Administration (FDA) and have less side effects (Deeugenio et al., 2004). FDA approval shows that the drug is relatively safe. There are two types of weight loss pills: prescription drugs and over-the-counter medication. Prescription drugs, also called anti-obesity drugs are prescribed by the doctor in more severe cases to those people who have serious health problems. They increase the expenditure of energy, decrease the number of absorbed calories and suppress appetite. The side effects of this type of medication are hypertension, increased blood pressure, pulse and heart rate, dizziness, insomnia, constipation, vomiting (Deeugenio et al., 2004). Over-the-counter or nonprescription medication includes herbal products or dietary supplements. They are easy to buy, and in comparison to prescription drugs they are cheaper. OTC diet pills contain herbs that burn calories, suppress appetite, and decrease fat. The major disadvantage is that it is not monitored by the FDA. The common side effects of OTC drugs are diarrhea, liver and kidney damage, heart attack and stroke. It is important to remember that this type of weight loss is not suitable and may not work for everybody. Besides advantage of losing weight all drugs have a lot of side effects. Diet pills alone without regular physical activity and diet plan will not show any results.Obesity & Weight Management Programs Essay So the consultation of the doctor is obligatory before taking any weight loss medication.
Starvation is a severe food restriction in order to lose weight. But the result of starvation is reverse. Not eating enough food slows down metabolism and stores fat. It will be impossible to lose weight whether exercising or not. The lack of calories deprive body of vitamins and minerals. Starvation may be related to fasting and dieting. Fasting is an old practice, usually used because of religious views to develop self-discipline, but if it is used to lose weight it may have irreversible consequences. Today fasting presupposes the consumption of water, juices, tea. Such detox diets may last only for a limited period of time. People fast in order to loose weight quickly, but in fact they loose only body fluid not fat. Fasting slows down a metabolic rate so when the person starts eating normal food again, all the lost weight will be regained. Another type of starvation is dieting. Today we can find so many popular and trendy diets, proposing to lose weight in several days. In fact, none of them will bring the desired effect. People who are dieting are always stressful, depressed, nervous, and angry. Any type of starvation leads to imbalance between energy take and energy expenditure. This imbalance may cause eating disorders such as anorexia, an intense fear or gaining weight that can lead to serious health problems or bulimia, a disease when eating is followed by deliberate vomiting (Deeugenio et al., 2004). The signs of bulimia are similar to those of anorexia: losing a lot of weight, refusing to eat, being depressed etc. Starvation will never bring positive results and makes it easier to gain weight. People should always remember if they lose fast, they gain fast. If you are starving you will always achieve opposite effect.
In order to lose weight it is essential to eat healthy. Healthy diets should provide food from each of the following food groups: grains, vegetables and legumes, fruit, dairy, poultry, fish, eggs. In addition it also includes unsaturated fats and plenty of water. For healthy functioning body cells, blain, muscles, digestive system require water. The recommended fluid intake is 8 glasses of water, 250 ml. each, per day. While adopting healthy eating habits it is suggested to reduce the consumption of alcohol. It provides a body with 7 calorie of energy per gram. This means that if a person consumes a small amount of alcohol it can result in large calorie intake. Food provides us with calories. Exercising as well as normal body functioning burns calories. If we eat more calories than we burn, we can gain fat and weight. If we burn more calories than we eat, we can lose weight and fat. That is why suddenly lowering calories can result in many health problems. Another issue while eating healthy is consumption of macronutrients. Proteins, carbohydrates and fat are macronutrients that we cannot live without. And last but not least people should never forget about healthy snacks during the day. Healthy eating and regular exercises are interconnected. This combination can boost the level of energy so that the person feels better physically and mentally. So if a person wants to lose weight and get fit naturally, the consistency is required in every action.
So the best way to lose weight and feel good and healthy about yourself is to maintain healthy lifestyle. Unlike all other methods of weight loss, embracement of healthy lifestyle has no side effects. It is the cheapest way of getting fit and it requires a small amount of free time.Obesity & Weight Management Programs Essay

Weight management has been thought of as only weight loss by many. Weight management covers all aspects of attaining and maintaining optimum weight for a healthy lifestyle. Health professionals now realize that prevention of weight gain as well as weight loss and improving health status are important goals. These goals must be individualized for success.
At the outset of treatment, the patient and health care provider should discuss and agree upon goals. The goals must take into account the food habits, exercise behaviors, psychological outlook and support systems of the individual. Realistic expectations, short- and long-term, may be promoted by a discussion of a healthy weight versus an ideal body weight. Features of weight management…show more content…
Foods should be similar to those individual is used to eating to encourage permanent behavior changes.) and •     energy intake adjustments when the weight goal is reached in order to maintain optimal weight. A negative energy balance is the goal for weight loss. For weight loss, the BMR, caloric intake, and caloric expenditure are analyzed. It is necessary to determine the kilocalorie adjustment needed for weight loss (see Table 2).Obesity & Weight Management Programs Essay For proper energy balance during weight reduction ½ of the reduction should come from a reduction in caloric intake, and ½ should be derived from increased physical activity. A neutral energy balance must be met for weight maintenance. It is advisable to create a general guide for weight maintenance. When developing a food plan, the nutrient balance should consist of 45 – 65% carbohydrates, 10 -35% proteins, and less than or equal to 25% fats. The distribution balance is also a key aspect to weight management. The distribution balance requires caloric intake spread throughout the day. Identifying problem times and planning healthy snacks for these times is necessary to maintain distribution balance. A food guide (a reference for comparative food values and portions) can help the individual with weight management, whether for loss, gain or maintenance. This guide will help

Obesity means being excessively fat. A person would be said to be obese if his or her body mass index is beyond 30. Such a person has a body fat rate that is disproportionate to his body mass.

Obesity and the Body Mass Index:

The body mass index is calculated considering the weight and height of a person. Thus, it is a scientific way of determining the appropriate weight of any person. When the body mass index of a person indicates that he or she is obese, it exposes the person to make health risk.Obesity & Weight Management Programs Essay

Stopping Obesity:

There are two major ways to get the body mass index of a person to a moderate rate. The first is to maintain a strict diet. The second is to engage in regular physical exercise. These two approaches are aimed at reducing the amount of fat in the body.


Obesity can lead to sudden death, heart attack, diabetes and may unwanted illnesses. Stop it by making healthy choices.

Essay on Obesity (Essay 2 – 250 Words)
Obesity has become a big concern for the youth of today’s generation. Obesity is defined as a medical condition in which an individual gains excessive body fat. When the Body Mass Index (BMI) of a person is over 30, he/ she is termed as obese.Obesity & Weight Management Programs Essay

Obesity can be a genetic problem or a disorder that is caused due to unhealthy lifestyle habits of a person. Physical inactivity and the environment in which an individual lives, are also the factors that leads to obesity. It is also seen that when some individuals are in stress or depression, they start cultivating unhealthy eating habits which eventually leads to obesity. Medications like steroids is yet another reason for obesity.

Obesity has several serious health issues associated with it. Some of the impacts of obesity are diabetes, increase of cholesterol level, high blood pressure, etc. Social impacts of obesity includes loss of confidence in an individual, lowering of self-esteem, etc.

The risks of obesity needs to be prevented. This can be done by adopting healthy eating habits, doing some physical exercise regularly, avoiding stress, etc. Individuals should work on weight reduction in order to avoid obesity.Obesity & Weight Management Programs Essay

Obesity is indeed a health concern and needs to be prioritized. The management of obesity revolves around healthy eating habits and physical activity. Obesity, if not controlled in its initial stage can cause many severe health issues. So it is wiser to exercise daily and maintain a healthy lifestyle rather than being the victim of obesity.

Essay on Obesity – Written in English (Essay 3 – 300 Words)
Obesity can be defined as the clinical condition where accumulation of excessive fat takes place in the adipose tissue leading to worsening of health condition. Usually, the fat is deposited around the trunk and also the waist of the body or even around the periphery.

Obesity is actually a disease that has been spreading far and wide. It is preventable and certain measures are to be taken to curb it to a greater extend. Both in the developing and developed countries, obesity has been growing far and wide affecting the young and the old equally.Obesity & Weight Management Programs Essay

The alarming increase in obesity has resulted in stimulated death rate and health issues among the people. There are several methods adopted to lose weight and they include different diet types, physical activity and certain changes in the current lifestyle. Many of the companies are into minting money with the concept of inviting people to fight obesity.Obesity & Weight Management Programs Essay

In patients associated with increased risk factor related to obesity, there are certain drug therapies and other procedures adopted to lose weight. There are certain cost effective ways introduced by several companies to enable clinic-based weight loss programs.

Obesity can lead to premature death and even cause Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus. Cardiovascular diseases have also become the part and parcel of obese people. It includes stroke, hypertension, gall bladder disease, coronary heart disease and even cancers like breast cancer, prostate cancer, endometrial cancer and colon cancer. Other less severe arising due to obesity includes osteoarthritis, gastro-esophageal reflux disease and even infertility.Obesity & Weight Management Programs Essay

Hence, serious measures are to be taken to fight against this dreadful phenomenon that is spreading its wings far and wide. Giving proper education on benefits of staying fit and mindful eating is as important as curbing this issue. Utmost importance must be given to healthy eating habits right from the small age so that they follow the same until the end of their life.Obesity & Weight Management Programs Essay

Essay on Obesity – For School Students (Class 5, 6, 7, 8, 9, 10, 11 and 12 Standard) (Essay 4 – 400 Words)
Obesity is majorly a lifestyle disease attributed to the extra accumulation of fat in the body leading to negative health effects on a person. Ironically, although prevalent at a large scale in many countries, including India, it is one of the most neglect health problems. It is more often ignored even if told by the doctor that the person is obese. Only when people start acquiring other health issues such as heart disease, blood pressure or diabetes, they start taking the problem of obesity seriously.

Obesity Statistics in India:

As per a report, India happens to figure as the third country in the world with the most obese people. This should be a troubling fact for India. However, we are yet to see concrete measures being adopted by the people to remain fit.

Causes of Obesity:

Sedentary lifestyle, alcohol, junk food, medications and some diseases such as hypothyroidism are considered as the factors which lead to obesity. Even children seem to be glued to televisions, laptops and video games which have taken away the urge for physical activities from them. Adding to this, the consumption of junk food has further aggravated the growing problem of obesity in children.Obesity & Weight Management Programs Essay


In the case of adults, most of the professions of today make use of computers which again makes people sit for long hours in one place. Also, the hectic lifestyle of today makes it difficult for people to spare time for physical activities and people usually remain stressed most of the times. All this has contributed significantly to the rise of obesity in India.

Obesity and BMI:

Body Mass Index (BMI) is the measure which allows a person to calculate how to fit he or she is. In other words, the BMI tells you if you are obese or not. BMI is calculated by dividing the weight of a person in kg with the square of his / her height in metres. The number thus obtained is called the BMI. A BMI of less than 25 is considered optimal. However, if a person has a BMI over 30 he/she is termed as obese.

What is a matter of concern is that with growing urbanisation there has been a rapid increase of obese people in India? It is of utmost importance to consider this health issue a serious threat to the future of our country as a healthy body is important for a healthy soul. We should all be mindful of what we eat and what effect it has on our body. It is our utmost duty to educate not just ourselves but others as well about this serious health hazard.Obesity & Weight Management Programs Essay

Essay on Obesity – For College Students (Essay 5 – 500 Words)
Obesity can be defined as a condition (medical) that is the accumulation of body fat to an extent that the excess fat begins to have a lot of negative effects on the health of the individual. Obesity is determined by examining the body mass index (BMI) of the person. The BMI is gotten by dividing the weight of the person in kilogram by the height of the person squared.

When the BMI of a person is more than 30, the person is classified as being obese, when the BMI falls between 25 and 30, the person is said to be overweight. In a few countries in East Asia, lower values for the BMI are used. Obesity has been proven to influence the likelihood and risk of many conditions and disease, most especially diabetes of type 2, cardiovascular diseases, sleeplessness that is obstructive, depression, osteoarthritis and some cancer types.Obesity & Weight Management Programs Essay

In most cases, obesity is caused through a combination of genetic susceptibility, a lack of or inadequate physical activity, excessive intake of food. Some cases of obesity are primarily caused by mental disorder, medications, endocrine disorders or genes. There is no medical data to support the fact that people suffering from obesity eat very little but gain a lot of weight because of slower metabolism. It has been discovered that an obese person usually expends much more energy than other people as a result of the required energy that is needed to maintain a body mass that is increased.

It is very possible to prevent obesity with a combination of personal choices and social changes. The major treatments are exercising and a change in diet. We can improve the quality of our diet by reducing our consumption of foods that are energy-dense like those that are high in sugars or fat and by trying to increase our dietary fibre intake.

We can also accompany the appropriate diet with the use of medications to help in reducing appetite and decreasing the absorption of fat. If medication, exercise and diet are not yielding any positive results, surgery or gastric balloon can also be carried out to decrease the volume of the stomach and also reduce the intestines’ length which leads to the feel of the person get full early or a reduction in the ability to get and absorb different nutrients from a food.Obesity & Weight Management Programs Essay

Obesity is the leading cause of ill-health and death all over the world that is preventable. The rate of obesity in children and adults has drastically increased. In 2015, a whopping 12 percent of adults which is about 600 million and about 100 million children all around the world were found to be obese.

It has also been discovered that women are more obese than men. A lot of government and private institutions and bodies have stated that obesity is top of the list of the most difficult and serious problems of public health that we have in the world today. In the world we live today, there is a lot of stigmatisation of obese people.

Essay on Obesity – With Causes and Treatment (Essay 6 – 600 Words)
We all know how troubling the problem of obesity truly is. It is mainly a form of a medical condition wherein the body tends to accumulate excessive fat which in turn has negative repercussions on the health of an individual.Obesity & Weight Management Programs Essay

Given the current lifestyle and dietary style, it has become more common than ever. More and more people are being diagnosed with obesity. Such is its prevalence that it has been termed as an epidemic in the USA. Those who suffer from obesity are at a much higher risk of diabetes, heart diseases and even cancer.

Causes of Obesity:

In order to gain a deeper understanding of obesity, it is important to learn what the key causes of obesity are. In a layman term, if your calorie consumption exceeds what you burn because of daily activities and exercises, it is likely to lead to obesity. It is caused over a prolonged period of time when your calorie intake keeps exceeding the calories burned.

Here are some of the key causes which are known to be the driving factors for obesity.

The Diet:

If your diet tends to be rich in fat and contains massive calorie intake, you are all set to suffer from obesity.

Sedentary Lifestyle:

With most people sticking to their desk jobs and living a sedentary lifestyle, the body tends to get obese easily.


Of course, the genetic framework has a lot to do with obesity. If your parents are obese, the chance of you being obese is quite high.Obesity & Weight Management Programs Essay


The weight which women gain during their pregnancy can be very hard to shed and this is often one of the top causes of obesity.

Sleep Cycle:

If you are not getting an adequate amount of sleep, it can have an impact on the hormones which might trigger hunger signals. Overall, these linked events tend to make you obese.

Hormonal Disorder:

There are several hormonal changes which are known to be direct causes of obesity. The imbalance of the thyroid stimulating hormone, for instance, is one of the key factors when it comes to obesity.

Now that we know the key causes, let us look at the possible ways by which you can handle it.

Treatment for Obesity:

As strange as it may sound, the treatment for obesity is really simple. All you need to do is follow the right diet and back it with an adequate amount of exercise. If you can succeed in doing so, it will give you the perfect head-start into your journey of getting in shape and bidding goodbye to obesity.Obesity & Weight Management Programs Essay

The Diet:

There are a lot of different kinds and styles of diet plans for obesity which are available. You can choose the one which you deem fit. We recommend not opting for crash dieting as it is known to have several repercussions and can make your body terribly weak.

The key here is to stick to a balanced diet which can help you retain the essential nutrients, minerals, and, vitamins and shed the unwanted fat and carbs.


Just like the diet, there are several workout plans for obesity which are available. It is upon you to find out which of the workout plan seems to be apt for you. Choose cardio exercises and dance routines like Zumba to shed the unwanted body weight. Yoga is yet another method to get rid of obesity.Obesity & Weight Management Programs Essay


So, follow a blend of these and you will be able to deal with the trouble of obesity in no time. We believe that following these tips will help you get rid of obesity and stay in shape.

Essay on Obesity – For Science Students (Essay 7 – 750 Words)

Obesity and overweight is a top health concern in the world due to the impact it has on the lives of individuals. Obesity is defined as a condition in which an individual has excessive body fat and is measured using the body mass index (BMI) such that, when an individual’s BMI is above 30, he or she is termed obese. The BMI is calculated using body weight and height and it is different for all individuals.

Obesity has been determined as a risk factor for many diseases. It results from dietary habits, genetics, and lifestyle habits including physical inactivity. Obesity can be prevented so that individuals do not end up having serious complications and health problems. Chronic illnesses like diabetes, heart diseases and relate to obesity in terms of causes and complications.Obesity & Weight Management Programs Essay

Factors Influencing Obesity:

Obesity is not only as a result of lifestyle habits as most people put it. There are other important factors that influence obesity. Genetics is one of those factors. A person could be born with genes that predispose them to obesity and they will also have difficulty in losing weight because it is an inborn factor.

The environment also influences obesity because the diet is similar in certain environs. In certain environments, like school, the food available is fast foods and the chances of getting healthy foods is very low, leading to obesity. Also, physical inactivity is an environmental factor for obesity because some places have no fields or tracks where people can jog or maybe the place is very unsafe and people rarely go out to exercise.

Mental health affects the eating habits of individuals. There is a habit of stress eating when a person is depressed and it could result in overweight or obesity if the person remains unhealthy for long period of time.

The overall health of individuals also matter. If a person is unwell and is prescribed with steroids, they may end up being obese. Steroidal medications enable weight gain as a side effect.Obesity & Weight Management Programs Essay

Complications of Obesity:

Obesity is a health concern because its complications are severe. Significant social and health problems are experienced by obese people. Socially, they will be bullied and their self-esteem will be low as they will perceive themselves as unworthy.

Chronic illnesses like diabetes results from obesity. Diabetes type 2 has been directly linked to obesity. This condition involves the increased blood sugars in the body and body cells are not responding to insulin as they should. The insulin in the body could also be inadequate due to decreased production. High blood sugar concentrations result in symptoms like frequent hunger, thirst and urination. The symptoms of complicated stages of diabetes type 2 include loss of vision, renal failure and heart failure and eventually death. The importance of having a normal BMI is the ability of the body to control blood sugars.

Another complication is the heightened blood pressures. Obesity has been defined as excessive body fat. The body fat accumulates in blood vessels making them narrow. Narrow blood vessels cause the blood pressures to rise. Increased blood pressure causes the heart to start failing in its physiological functions. Heart failure is the end result in this condition of increased blood pressures.

There is a significant increase in cholesterol in blood of people who are obese. High blood cholesterol levels causes the deposition of fats in various parts of the body and organs. Deposition of fats in the heart and blood vessels result in heart diseases. There are other conditions that result from hypercholesterolemia.Obesity & Weight Management Programs Essay

Other chronic illnesses like cancer can also arise from obesity because inflammation of body cells and tissues occurs in order to store fats in obese people. This could result in abnormal growths and alteration of cell morphology. The abnormal growths could be cancerous.

Management of Obesity:

For the people at risk of developing obesity, prevention methods can be implemented. Prevention included a healthy diet and physical activity. The diet and physical activity patterns should be regular and realizable to avoid strains that could result in complications.Obesity & Weight Management Programs Essay

Some risk factors for obesity are non-modifiable for example genetics. When a person in genetically predisposed, the lifestyle modifications may be have help.

For the individuals who are already obese, they can work on weight reduction through healthy diets and physical exercises.


In conclusion, obesity is indeed a major health concern because the health complications are very serious. Factors influencing obesity are both modifiable and non-modifiable. The management of obesity revolves around diet and physical activity and so it is important to remain fit. Obesity & Weight Management Programs Essay