Group Processes and Stages of Formation
Explain the group’s processes and stage of formation.
Group processes refer to the evolution that a group undergoes from formation until it breaks up having achieved its objectives. In fact, these processes can also be considered as stages of formation. A review of the present case shows that this is a group that can be described using group processes and stages of formation. The present group has been formed with the intention of seeking treatment in a psychiatric setting. The group has just been formed and the members are getting familiar with each other. At this point, the members get to express themselves and it is not uncommon for personalities to clash and differences in opinion to be expressed. As the case shows, there is a conflict that has pitted Pam and Philip. They each express an aversion to existing within the same group. Other group members have been drawn into the conflict. The interaction between the group members show that the group is in the forming stage of formation. At this point, the members find it easiest to leave the group as they are yet to be fully invested in the group. Although the group members are seeking treatment, they are yet to begin the active treatment process. Proceeding to the next stage of the group formation will require that the conflict be addressed to allow the members to coexist without the threat of breaking up the group Group Processes and Stages of Formation
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(Sadock, B., Sadock, V. & Ruiz, 2014; Yalom & Leszcz, 2005).
Explain curative factors that occurred in the group. Include how these factors might impact client progress.
Curative factors occurred in the interactions between the group members. Firstly, the members are attending the group session, an indication that they acknowledge their need for treatment and are actively seeking treatment. This makes them more receptive to the changes that will be brought about by the treatment. Secondly, the group members are engaging in conflict, an indication that they feel open enough to express their personalities. This is an indication that they will open up during the active treatment phase and will readily express themselves thus supporting treatment efforts. Thirdly, a psychotherapist is present in the group interactions to act as an independent moderator who ensures that the conflict does not escalate and that it is resolved in a manner most beneficial to the group members. The three factors create an environment in which the group members expect to be guided in addressing the primary objective for joining the therapy group even as they move through the stages of formation (American Nurses Association, 2014). Group Processes and Stages of Formation
Explain intragroup conflict that occurred and recommend strategies for managing the conflict. Support your recommendations with evidence-based literature.
The scene presented for the case is centered on an intragroup conflict. The conflict revolves around two group members who have expressed an extreme dislike for each other, and a desire not to be in the same group. Pam and Philip are in a conflict with verbalized statements that indicate a desired not to be members of the same therapy group. Other group members have been drawn into the conflict with some of them expressing support for the conflicting parties. The result is that the group has become polarized with the possibility that it could break up if the conflict is left unaddressed. The best strategy for addressing the conflict is to engage the psychotherapist to act as a mediator who guides the other group members in identifying the source of the conflict and how to resolve it in a manner that allows all the group members to remain within the group. This strategy of inclusion that seeks the opinions of all the group members is anticipated to make them feel appreciated and motivated to remain within the group (Sperry, 2016).
American Nurses Association (2014). Psychiatric-mental health nursing: scope and standards of practice (2nded.). Washington, DC: Author.
Sadock, B. J., Sadock, V. A., & Ruiz, P. (2014). Kaplan &Sadock’s synopsis of psychiatry: behavioral sciences/clinical psychiatry (11thed.). Philadelphia, PA: Wolters Kluwer.
Sperry, L. (2016). Handbook of diagnosis and treatment of DSM-5 personality disorders: assessment, case conceptualization, and treatment (3rded.). New York, NY: Routledge.
Yalom, I. D., & Leszcz, M. (2005). The theory and practice of group psychotherapy (5th ed.). New York, NY: Basic Books.
Group Processes and Stages of Formation