Effects of Psychotropic Medication Paper

Effects of Psychotropic Medication Paper

Effects of Psychotropic Medication

Topic of Interest: Effects of Psychotropic Medication
Research Article: Include full citation in APA format, as well as link or search details (such as DOI) Stuyt E, Sajbel T & Alen M. (2006). Differing Effects of Antipsychotic Medications on Substance Abuse Treatment Patients with Co-occurring Psychotic and Substance Abuse Disorders. The American Journal on Addictions. 1(15),166–17. Effects of Psychotropic Medication Paper

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Professional Practice Use:

One or more professional practice uses of the theories/concepts presented in the article

The article is suitable for informing practice. According to the article, the incidence of substance use disorders in individuals with schizophrenia is higher than the rate of substance use disorders in the general population. Therefore, the article provides the concept of the high rate of comorbidity where the theory of “self-medication” indicates that people can abuse drugs and alcohol to treat existing psychotic symptoms and also to treat side effects of medications used in the treatment of schizophrenia (Stuyt et al, 2006). Fretwell & Felce (2007) explain that it is important to explain to the carers and patients about the side effects associated with the use of medications used to treat schizophrenia. Perhaps understanding the side effects can reduce the use of drugs or alcohol to treat the side effects of medications. The article further examines if some medications may lead patients to abuse drugs when compared to other medications.

This article thus provides an important concept in practice because substance use among people with schizophrenia leads to serious consequences. It is, therefore, necessary to target the aspect of substance use in this population, during treatment to ensure that people with schizophrenia are not likely to engage in substance abuse (Stuyt et al, 2006).





Research Analysis Matrix

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Strengths of the Research Limitations/Weaknesses of the Research Relevancy to Topic of Interest Notes
Adequate number of databases were searched and this provided multiple sources to be used in the research, which are all included in the reference list

The sample size used in this study was big and adequate and hence this can facilitate generalization of the study results to the general population

The data analysis methods used are reliable and valid

The objective of the study is not clearly stated

The research methodology used for this study was an open, retrospective nature. In addition, the data collection did not use structured instruments and the study participants were highly selected, and hence the study findings might not be generalized to the general population. Moreover, the assigning of the treatment to the study participants was not random and this might have introduced bias. Effects of Psychotropic Medication Paper


The article is relevant to the study topic. This is because the article addresses medications used to treat schizophrenia and most of them are psychotropic. According to the article, the medications used to treat schizophrenia have a number of side effects and the study topic is on the effects of psychotropic medication. Therefore, the article sheds light on effects of psychotropic medications. The article provides information on the different effects of medications used in treating schizophrenia. From the article, there are various medications such as risperidone, olanzapine, and ziprasidone are effective in treating schizophrenia and their use in treating substance use comorbidities, are promising (Stuyt et al, 2006).



Approach to Identify & Analyze Peer-Reviewed Research

The first step used to identify peer-reviewed research was to identify the research topic and then review literature about the topic (Shellenbarger, 2016). This was followed by consulting the library database which enabled search refining and retrieval of scholarly articles. The search process included identifying terms, keywords, and phrases related to the topic and turning the terms and keywords into effective search. In addition, filters and limits were used for search optimization and later the search results were reviewed. After identifying the article, articles in the reference list were used to locate more resources.


In order to identify if the retrieved articles were peer-reviewed, the author’s instructions at the end of the articles were used. Some of the articles had the author’s instructions indicating that the articles were peer-reviewed, while others did not.  More importantly, Ulrichs Global Serials Directory was very useful in confirming if the articles were peer-reviewed because this directory provided information regarding whether articles have been peer-reviewed. The selected article was denoted as having been peer-reviewed. Other positive features about the article were available of the abstract at the beginning of the article as well as adequate citation and available of a reference list. These steps led to the selection of the chosen journal article (Shellenbarger, 2016).

Strategies to Find Peer-Reviewed Research

The first strategy for locating peer-reviewed research is to choose an appropriate database and interface. Thesaurus is an important factor to consider when choosing a database. Embase is among the suitable health-associated database that consists of the MEDLINE database. Every database has a unique thesaurus and Embase thesaurus has a unique structure with unique and simple definitions which makes it more suitable when locating peer-reviewed research.

The second step consists of choosing an advanced search screen that enables an individual to have their searches refined by selecting search field for every entered search term. Field searches include the topic/search term, the title, the name of the journal, and also the author of the journal article. In addition, limiting the search is also important as it ensures that only the relevant articles are identified and retrieved. In addition, a refined search ensures that only the articles that fit the inclusion and exclusion criteria are retrieved such as articles that meet the language, topic, and publication date criteria. A critical appraisal should be performed on all selected articles to make sure that the articles are of high-quality and provide reliable evidence (Walden University Library, 2019).   Effects of Psychotropic Medication Paper

Resource to Find Peer-Reviewed Research

One resource I would use to find peer-reviewed research is the Walden University Library. Walden University provides a variety of library databases for my research. The databases available at the Walden university database are mostly health-related and hence applicable and relevant for my research.  Some of the databases that can be accessed using the Walden University library include Ovid Nursing Books, PubMed, Ovid Nursing Journals Full Text, ProQuest Health & Medical Collection, Embase, Science Direct, and CINAHL & MEDLINE Combined search. These databases can provide adequate peer-reviewed research.


Fretwell C & Felce D. (2007). Staff Knowledge of the Side Effects of Anti-Psychotic Medication. Journal of Applied Research in Intellectual Disabilities. 2007(20), 580–585.

Stuyt E, Sajbel T & Alen M. (2006). Differing Effects of Antipsychotic Medications on Substance Abuse Treatment Patients with Co-occurring Psychotic and Substance Abuse Disorders. The American Journal on Addictions. 1(15),166–17.

Shellenbarger, T. (2016). Simplifying synthesis. Nurse Author & Editor, 26(3). Retrieved from http://naepub.com/reporting-research/2016-26-3-3/

Walden University Library. (n.d.). Databases A-Z: Nursing. Retrieved October 4, 2019, from https://academicguides.waldenu.edu/az.php?s=19981

Walden University Library. (n.d.). Instructional Media: Fundamentals of library research. Retrieved October 4, 2019, from https://academicguides.waldenu.edu/library/instructionalmedia/researchfundamental


Effects of Psychotropic Medication Paper