Carper’s Ways of Knowing Essay.

Carper’s Ways of Knowing Essay.


consider Carper\’s Ways of Knowing: empirical, personal, ethical, and aesthetic. For each way of knowing, describe a clinical situation including a nursing intervention you implemented while caring for a patient, family, group, or community. In your description, explain how the particular way of knowing informed the decision to implement the intervention.Carper’s Ways of Knowing Essay.


Use one scholarly reference for each of your four explanations in order to provide support for your reasons that a particular intervention is an example of the selected way of knowing. Use a different reference for each of the four descriptions. Use references other than those provided in assigned course readings. APA formatting must be applied and errors in spelling and grammar must be absent; these are standard requirements for presenting scholarly, professional products.Carper’s Ways of Knowing Essay.

Carper’s Ways of Knowing

In healthcare, Carper’s fundamental patterns of knowing form the syntactical and conceptual structure of nursing knowledge. The four ways of knowing are personal, empirical, aesthetic, and ethical. Each of these patterns is distinguished based on their logical meaning. Personal knowing references knowledge of oneself and others while empirical knowledge denotes nursing science. Ethical knowing allows the development of moral knowledge, while aesthetic knowing reflects the art of nursing. The above four knowledge patterns are key foundation elements of nursing knowledge. They are expressed in an integrated manner that fosters holistic care. Carper’s ways of knowing have been significantly helpful in addressing scenarios I have encountered during patient interactions.Carper’s Ways of Knowing Essay.

Personal Knowing

Personal knowing is the knowledge that nurses have of themselves, based on what they have observed and experienced. An example of a clinical situation where I explicitly applied personal knowing was my interaction with an elderly patient of a different cultural background. While interacting with the patient, I had to develop a personal awareness to avoid any bias and stereotyping based on the patient’s cultural background.Carper’s Ways of Knowing Essay. In nursing, developing an interpersonal relationship between the nurse and the patient is fundamental (Kornhaber et al., 2016). This can only be achieved by understanding yourself as a nurse and others to cultivate therapeutic interactions with the patient. Using personal knowledge, I implemented the intervention of placing myself in the patient’s shoes and having the awareness to address physical, social, emotional, and spiritual needs while emphasizing with the patient facing difficult times. Personal knowing influenced the decision to implemented intervention as it fostered the understanding that therapeutic relationships with patients must be authentic.Carper’s Ways of Knowing Essay.

Empirical Knowing

Empirical knowing is the use of scientific information to describe specific nursing phenomena. It is obtained from objective facts and research. My extensive nursing education and research have equipped me with sufficient knowledge to handle complex nursing situations. I was recently the nurse leader in our department, where the attending nurse administered the wrong medication to the right psychiatrist patient. Instead of asking the patient to say his full names, the nurse asked the patient whether his name was Peter Jones, to which the patient nodded.Carper’s Ways of Knowing Essay. The nurse administered the drug, which was meant for another person with the same first name. While no adverse reactions were recorded, such a medical error could have significantly jeopardized patient safety (Gorgich et al., 2015).  As a nurse leader, I took the intervention to educate nurses on the importance of adhering to medication administration’s five rights to avert medical errors. My decision was influenced by knowledge obtained from nursing education and research. Carper’s Ways of Knowing Essay.

Ethical Knowing

As a nurse, I have experienced several occasions that required me to apply ethical knowing. I once received a patient whose condition was not in my area of specialization. As the patient had provided confidential personal information about the disease, I had to obtain his consent before sharing the information with the lead physician. This intervention was based on the ethical code of conduct governing the profession. According to Barlow et al. (2017), adhering to the moral code of conduct is key to solving ethical dilemmas in nursing.Carper’s Ways of Knowing Essay.

Aesthetic Knowing

Aesthetic knowing deals with a nurse’s capability to effectively fulfill a patient’s needs (Henry, 2017). In a recent clinical scenario, I emphasized with a patient’s fears and anxieties of getting inoculated even when I knew that the short-lived pain experienced was worth the long-term benefits of the procedure. My intervention was driven by the need to enhance patient experience and establish personalized plans to help them go through the treatment procedures.Carper’s Ways of Knowing Essay.