Various Primary Health Care Principles

Various Primary Health Care Principles

The paper “Various Primary Health Care Principles” is an outstanding example of an essay on nursing. Primary Health Care is an important tool in the hands of all those who are engaged in the field of health care and medicine and have over the years become an important guideline in the hands of the nursing sector. In the following essay, the principles of PHC have been discussed along with the role that it plays in the nursing sector, and in the promotion of health care in the community.Various Primary Health Care Principles

    • PHC:

Primary Health Care is an important part of the new health care that was adopted by the World Health Organization (WHO) in 1978 in Alma Ata. The meet was organized by WHO and UNICEF and called for the amendment of the existing health care policy that was being followed so as to ensure better results and provide better facilities and services to the people. At the meet primary health care (PHC) was described as “essential health care based on practical, scientifically sound and socially acceptable methods and technology made universally accessible to individuals and families in the community through their full participation and at a cost that the community and the country can afford to maintain at every stage of their development in the spirit of self-determination” (World Health Organization). PHC has four essential goals that form the basis for its course of services. These include:Various Primary Health Care Principles

  • Universal coverage by ensuring sufficient supply of medicines and services; removing financial barriers to access and ensuring social health protection.
  • It also calls for people-centered care by transforming traditional healthcare delivery models (specialist, procedure or hospital-based) into people-centered primary care networks
  • Thirdly it calls for inclusive leadership by shifting from conventional “command-and-control” approaches, increasing participation of all stakeholders and moving from supply-led to demand-led policies and programs.
  • Lastly, it promotes the primacy of health in all policies. (PHS RIS: Primary Health Care Research and Information Service).Various Primary Health Care Principles


Many scholars have promoted PHC. “Primary health care is socially appropriate, universally accessible, scientifically sound first level care provided by health services and systems with a suitably trained workforce comprised of multi-disciplinary teams supported by integrated referral systems in a way that: gives priority to those most in need and addresses health inequalities; maximises community and individual self-reliance, participation and control; and involves collaboration and partnership with other sectors to promote public health. Comprehensive primary health care includes health promotion, illness prevention, treatment and care of the sick, community development, and advocacy and rehabilitation.” (Keleher, 2001, pp.57-61)

In the following assignment, there shall be a detailed study done on the various methods through which PHC has been implemented in society focusing mainly on the Australian experience. Various Primary Health Care Principles