Treatment of Psychiatric Emergencies in Children versus Adults Essay
Discussion: Treatment of Psychiatric Emergencies in Children Versus Adults
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The diagnosis of psychiatric emergencies can include a wide range of problems—from serious drug reactions to abuse and suicidal ideation/behaviors. Regardless of care setting, the PMHNP must know how to address emergencies, coordinate care with other members of the health care team and law enforcement officials (when indicated), and effectively communicate with family members who are often overwhelmed in emergency situations.Treatment of Psychiatric Emergencies in Children versus Adults Essay
In this week’s Discussion, you compare treatment of adult psychiatric emergency clients to child or adolescent psychiatric emergency clients.
· Compare treatment of adult psychiatric emergency clients to child or adolescent psychiatric emergency clients
· Analyze legal and ethical issues concerning treatment of child or adolescent psychiatric emergency clients
· Review the Learning Resources concerning emergency psychiatric medicine.Treatment of Psychiatric Emergencies in Children versus Adults Essay
· Consider a case where your adult client had a psychiatric emergency. (Note: If you have not had an adult client with a psychiatric emergency, ask your preceptor to describe one of their clients with a psychiatric emergency to use as an example for this Discussion.) Example: Pt. is a 45 years old male, Diagnosis Bipolar mania. Client was aggressive towards staff, Kicking doors, chairs and windows. Threatening to hit anyone that comes near him. Emergency meds order Haldol 5 mg IM once now, Ativan 2mg IM once now and Benadryl 50 mg IM once now.
· Briefly describe the case you selected.
· Explain how you would treat the client differently if he or she were a child or adolescent.
· Explain any legal or ethical issues you would have to consider when working with a child or adolescent emergency case.
Treatment of Psychiatric Emergencies in Children Versus Adults
We are presented with an adult woman with a history of chronic pain and thyroid disease, presenting with severe depression and suicidal ideation. The patient had periods of severe anger towards her husband because of his alleged lack of emotional support and love. When she engaged in self harm to gain his attention, the husband’s response was not to offer the emotional attention and love, but rather to arrange for commitment of his wife to the inpatient psychiatric unit.Treatment of Psychiatric Emergencies in Children versus Adults Essay
Treatment of this patient starts with ruling out of any life threatening organic causes of the patient’s behavior, such as; hypoglycemia, hypoxia, thyroid, liver or kidney dysfunction. After medical clearance, this patient requires emergency psychiatric evaluation to determine the true level of suicide risk (Monnens, 2005, p. 878-880).
If this were a child or adolescent, the treatment also getting the patient medically cleared prior to psychiatric evaluation. These patients who have psychiatric disorders that impair emotional, cognitive, physical, and/or behavioral functioning are evaluated in the context of the family, school, community, and culture (Garson & Havens, 2015; Wharff, Ginnis, & Ross, 2012). Most of their identified signs and symptoms with their associated impairments in developmental functioning responds to established treatments (Chun, Katz, Duffy, & Gerson, 2015). The psychiatric evaluator must prioritize symptoms and diagnosis so that a reasonable treatment plan will address multiple problems.Treatment of Psychiatric Emergencies in Children versus Adults Essay
Ethically, similar rules apply to all children up to age 18 years. Parents must consent to treatment but children may agree or disagree (Sondheimer & Jensen, 2009). When guardian and child agree, care can proceed smoothly, and when they disagree, fundamental ethical considerations is required. Because safety of the child is important (beneficence and nonmaleficence), guardian and/or child opposition to psychiatric intervention is disregarded in the event of imminent danger. When, parent’s consent and children disagrees, the same principles are used as a basis for reasoning, but because of developmental dissimilarities they will be applied differently (justice) (American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry (2009).Treatment of Psychiatric Emergencies in Children versus Adults Essay
American Academy of Child and Adolescent Psychiatry. (2009). Code of Ethics. Retrieved April 4, 2018 from http://www.aacap.org/galleries/AboutUs/AACAP_Code_of_Ethics.pdf.pdf.
Chun, T.H., Katz, E.R., Duffy, S.J., & Gerson, R.S. (2015). Challenges of managing pediatric mental health crises in the emergency department. Child and Adolescent Psychiatric Clinics of North America, 24(1), 21-40. doi: 10.1016/j.chc.2014.09.003
Gerson, R., & Havens, J. (2015). The child and adolescent psychiatric emergency: A public health challenge. Psychiatric Times, 32(11). Retrieved April 4, 2018 from http://www.psychiatrictimes.com
Monnens, J.B. (2005). Mental health emergencies. In: L. Newberry, L.M. Criddle. (Eds.). Sheehy’s Manual of Emergency Care (6th ed.). Elsevier, Mosby.
Sondheimer, A., & Jensen, P. (2009). Ethics and child adolescent psychiatry. In: S. Bloch, S. Green. (Eds.). Psychiatric Ethics (4th ed.). Oxford, UK: Oxford University Press.
Wharff, E.A., Ginnis, K.M., & Ross, A.M. (2012). Family-based crisis intervention with suicidal adolescents in the emergency room. Social Work, 57(2), 133-143. Treatment of Psychiatric Emergencies in Children versus Adults Essay