Reduce Risk of Leukemia In Babies By Breastfeeding Essay

Reduce Risk of Leukemia In Babies By Breastfeeding Essay

Breastmilk provides a complete source of nourishment for newborns and young infants. The World Health Organization (WHO) recommends that babies should be exclusively breastfed (receive only breastmilk) for the first six months of life for the health of both mother and child, and that breastfeeding should continue for up to two years or beyond, alongside other appropriate foods and drinks.Reduce Risk of Leukemia In Babies By Breastfeeding Essay


Cancer Prevention Recommendation

The advice for mothers is to breastfeed your baby, if you can.

A 2016 review of breastfeeding patterns around the world suggests that most mothers, regardless of income group, breastfeed their babies at some point after birth.

However, even in low-income countries, where breastfeeding rates tend to be higher than in high-income countries, only 47 per cent of infants are exclusively breastfed for the first six months of life. The global average is 36 per cent.

In Diet, Nutrition, Physical Activity and Cancer: a Global Perspective (the Third Expert Report), the term ‘lactation’ refers to the process by which the mother produces milk to breastfeed, whether directly or through expressing or pumping breastmilk. All the evidence about cancer risk presented in this part of the Third Expert Report relates to effects on the mother who is breastfeeding and not to effects on the child who is being breastfed.Reduce Risk of Leukemia In Babies By Breastfeeding Essay

There is strong evidence that:

breastfeeding DECREASES the risk of breast cancer in the mother
lactation matrix

See more graphics in our toolkit.

“The evidence shows that, in general, the greater the number of months that women continue breastfeeding their babies, the greater the protection these women have against breast cancer.”

– This is the opinion of the Expert Panel and forms the basis of our Recommendation on breastfeeding

There is also other evidence that is limited (either in amount or by methodological flaws) but is suggestive of a decreased risk of ovarian cancer in women who breastfeed. Further research is required, and the Panel has not used this evidence to make recommendations.

Lactation and breast cancer
The principal mechanism through which lactation or breastfeeding could plausibly influence breast cancer risk is through the hormonal influence of the associated period of amenorrhea and infertility. This decreases lifetime exposure to menstrual cycles and therefore alters cumulative exposures to specific hormones, particularly androgens, which can influence cancer risk. Increased levels of sex steroids are strongly associated with risk of postmenopausal breast cancer. In addition, the sustained exfoliation of breast tissue during lactation and the pronounced epithelial apoptosis at the end of lactation could decrease breast cancer risk through the elimination of cells with DNA damage and mutations.Reduce Risk of Leukemia In Babies By Breastfeeding Essay

Lactation and ovarian cancer
The mechanisms underlying a lower risk of ovarian cancer among women who have breastfed are not well elucidated. One prevailing hypothesis is that breastfeeding is associated with longer periods of amenorrhea and therefore longer suppression of ovulation and decrease in gonadotropin levels and thus lower lifetime exposure to plasma oestradiol.

Benefits of Breastfeeding

Mother’s milk is the best food possible for the newborn baby. Breast milk works as an all in one nutritional supplement. Breast milk works as a thirst quencher, medication, food supplement and for the mother it works as a weight loss program with no equal. Although, there are formulas that can be used for replacing breast milk, they do not have the same supplements as the natural milk from the mother. Reduce Risk of Leukemia In Babies By Breastfeeding Essay
The American Academy of Pediatrics “…recommends that babies be breast-fed for six to 12 months. The only acceptable alternative to breast milk is infant formula.” (Williams, 1995). Breast milk is a perfect combination of nutrients and antibodies for an infant’s fast growing system. Breast milk is made up…show more content…
Breastfeeding also brings the infant closer to the mother. Through breastfeeding, the mother and the child can build a very strong emotional bond. New born infant’s sight is only between 12 to 15 inches. When a baby is breastfeeding, the baby will be able see his or her mothers face from that distance, as well as get accustomed to the smell of the mother. Fathers might be a little jealous at this stage, because there seems to be no need for them at this time. “One study… showed that the babies who received no breast milk had IQS 8 points lower on average than those who received breast milk.” (Dremer, 1997, para. 6) One other great benefit of breastfeeding is lowering the cost of everything. Although, the mother will be eating more compared to her normal pre-pregnancy stage, the cost of purchasing extra food for the mother versus buying formula is obvious. Formula tends to be extremely expensive without any of the extra benefits of real human milk. On top of the formula cost, a baby that feeds from breast milk will less likely get sick. This will mean less medical bills. There are occasions where a mother will not be able to breastfeed the baby. Those are very rare but they do happen. As an example, HIV is one of the very few diseases that can be found in breast milk. If breast milk cannot be used, then formula is one of the better solutions. Formulas were created by studying the makeup of breast milk.Reduce Risk of Leukemia In Babies By Breastfeeding Essay
CDC’s Division of Cancer Prevention and Control

Did you know that breastfeeding can lower a mother’s risk for some cancers?

We are going to talk about the connection between breastfeeding and cancer prevention in honor of World Breastfeeding Week, an annual celebration the first week of August that recognizes global action to support women in their efforts to breastfeed. This week celebrates breastfeeding as an investment in health.

Most people know there are many benefits to breastfeeding. We’ve probably all heard that it’s the best source of nutrition for most babies and provides many health benefits for infants. The health benefits for women who breastfeed, however, are less commonly known. In addition to lowering a mother’s risk for type 2 diabetes and high blood pressure, breastfeeding can also lower a mother’s risk of breast and ovarian cancers. A recent study found that only about 1 in 4 people think that a woman is less likely to develop breast cancer later in life if she breastfeeds. It’s important to know that breastfeeding helps not only the baby’s health but also the mother’s health too!Reduce Risk of Leukemia In Babies By Breastfeeding Essay

What is the current recommendation for breastfeeding?
The American Academy of Pediatrics (AAP) recommends that infants be exclusively breastfed for about the first 6 months of life with continued breastfeeding after the introduction of solid foods for 1 year or longer.

How many women in the United States breastfeed?
Although most infants receive some breast milk, most are not exclusively breastfed or continue to breastfeed as long as recommended. Four out of 5 infants start out breastfeeding, but only 1 in 4 infants are still exclusively breastfed at 6 months. There are also major disparities, or differences among different groups, for breastfeeding. For example, black infants are 15% less likely to have ever been breastfed than white infants. These disparities are improving some.

What are some of the benefits of breastfeeding for infants and mothers?
Breastfeeding is important for overall health. Infants that are breastfed have a lower risk of asthma, obesity, ear and respiratory infections, sudden infant death syndrome, and gastrointestinal infections such as diarrhea. Breastfeeding also lowers a mother’s risk of high blood pressure, type 2 diabetes, and breast and ovarian cancers.Reduce Risk of Leukemia In Babies By Breastfeeding Essay

How does breastfeeding lower the risk of breast and ovarian cancers?
One reason may be that when a woman is breastfeeding, she experiences hormonal changes that may delay the return of her menstrual periods. This reduces her lifetime exposure to hormones such as estrogen, which are linked to an increased risk of breast and ovarian cancers.

What is CDC doing to increase breastfeeding rates in the United States?
CDC supports breastfeeding by tracking how long babies are breastfed, promoting best practices in health care settings, and supporting mothers at work and in communities. Learn more about these efforts to increase breastfeeding across the nation.

Benefits of Breastfeeding
Most health professionals are familiar with the benefits of breastfeeding. The AAP continues to support the unequivocal evidence that breastfeeding protects against a variety of diseases and conditions in the infant such as:Reduce Risk of Leukemia In Babies By Breastfeeding Essay

respiratory tract infection
necrotizing enterocolitis
otitis media
urinary tract infection
late-onset sepsis in preterm infants
type 1 and type 2 diabetes
lymphoma, leukemia, and Hodgkins disease
childhood overweight and obesity
There are also maternal health benefits to breastfeeding such as:

decreased postpartum bleeding and more rapid uterine involution
decreased menstrual blood loss and increased child spacing (lactational amenorrhea)
earlier return to prepregnancy weight
decreased risk of breast and ovarian cancers
​Breastfeeding is also a great benefit to the environment and society. Breastfeeding families are sick less often and the parents miss less work. It does not require the use of energy for manufacturing or create waste or air pollution. There is no risk of contamination and it is always at the right temperature and ready to feed.

Contraindications to breastfeeding
The only true contraindications to breastfeeding are the following:Reduce Risk of Leukemia In Babies By Breastfeeding Essay

infants with classic galactosemia (galactose 1-phosphate uridyltransferase deficiency)
mothers, in the US, who are infected with human immunodeficiency virus (HIV).
​Refer to the policy statement​ for other conditions that may require further investigation.
Breastfeeding is NOT contraindicated with the following conditions:

infants born to mothers who are hepatitis B surface antigen-positive
mothers who are infected with hepatitis C virus (persons with hepatitis C virus antibody or hepatitis C virus-RNA-positive blood)
mothers who are febrile (unless cause is a contraindication outlined in the previous section)
mothers who have been exposed to low-level environmental chemical agents
mothers who are seropositive carriers of cytomegalovirus (CMV) (not recent converters if the infant is term)
mothers who smoke tobacco (though they should be encouraged to quit) or have an occasional celebratory drink
the great majority of babies with jaundice or hyperbilirubinemia can continue to be breastfed without interruption
The pediatrician’s role
Pediatricians can play a key role in promoting breastfeeding and supporting families. You can:

Communicate the benefits of breastfeeding and the risks of formula feeding to all of your patients.
Educate yourself about breastfeeding and how to care for breastfeeding families in your practice.
Know how to assess breastfeeding and manage common breastfeeding problems.Reduce Risk of Leukemia In Babies By Breastfeeding Essay
Know the local resources available to you and your patients (WIC, breastfeeding support groups, lactation consultants, breast pump rental stations, etc.)
Understand how to use breastfeeding equipment and be able to support women who wish to return to work or school while breastfeeding.
Display positive images of breastfeeding in your office and encourage the elimination of practices that interfere with breastfeeding (free formula, industry gifts, or coupons to parents, separation of mother and infant, inappropriate feeding images, etc.)
Support breastfeeding research and advocate for positive media coverage about breastfeeding.
Advocate for positive media coverage about breastfeeding. Reduce Risk of Leukemia In Babies By Breastfeeding Essay