Nurse-Patient Relationship Theory.

Nurse-Patient Relationship Theory.


Nursing Theories

Ida Jean Orlando Dynamic Nurse-Patient Relationship proposes that patients have their perception of health and illness (Toney-Butler & Thayer, 2019). Therefore, nurses should validate their inferences with the patients before drawing conclusions.


The theory focuses on the identity of nurses, their professional role, and their relationship with the patient and their families. It stresses the reciprocal relationship between the patient and the nurse and how it affects access to and delivery of quality care. The communication between the nurse and the patient affects treatment modalities and interventions applied by the nurse and the clinical outcomes. Therefore, the professional role of nurses is to identify and attend to the immediate patient needs.Nurse-Patient Relationship Theory.

Although many perceive that the relationship between the patient and the nurse ends after discharge, the theory stresses that the mutual relationship goes beyond. A lack of interpersonal communication between the nurse and the patient may derail the patient’s discharge. Because of their close relationship, the nurse should communicate patient education before discharge (Allande Cussó et al., 2020). The patient should be educated on self-care and self-management practices to mitigate risks of complications that may be encountered when the patient is discharged. Some patients may not care for themselves post-discharge due to their clinical condition. In such patients, the nurse should communicate with the family or caregivers on self-care practices to enhance remission. Imperatively, the mutual patient-nurse family relationship effective communication and sharing of preferences during the discharge process.Nurse-Patient Relationship Theory.

Faulty communication between the nurse and the patient may lead to violation of discharge guidelines, policies, and standards of practice. However, standardized practices stabilize nursing processes and ensure quality care is administered to patients (Augustinsson & Petersson,2015). Nonetheless, exaggerated focus on standardization may also lead to incorrect treatment and possible accidents and medical errors. However, as proposed by Ida Jean Orlando’s theory, effective communication, fostered by the nurse-patient relationship ensures patient safety.Nurse-Patient Relationship Theory.



Allande Cussó, R., Siles González, J., Ayuso Murillo, D., & Gómez Salgado, J. (2020). A new conceptualization of the nurse–patient relationship construct as caring interaction. Nursing Philosophy, e12335.

Augustinsson, S., & Petersson, P. (2015). On discharge planning: dynamic complex processes–uncertainty, surprise, and standardization. Journal of Research in Nursing20(1), 39-53.

Toney-Butler, T. J., & Thayer, J. M. (2019). Nursing process. StatPearls [Internet].


Nurse-Patient Relationship Theory.