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Describe two external stressors that are unique to adolescents. Discuss what risk-taking behaviors may result from the external stressors and what support or coping mechanism can be introduced.
Topic 3 DQ 2 sample 2
External stressors are events and situations that happen to you some external stressors include; major life changes and these changes could be positive or negative changes, examples of positive changes are new marriage, planned pregnancies, and many others while a negative change is dead of loved ones and many others. But the most common external stressors with adolescents are Bullying and Identity Confusion which affect the adolescent population immensely.
Bullying is aggressive repeatedly intentional behavior involving an imbalance of power. Nowadays bullies are often anonymous, bullying over the social medial platform is what has become known as “Cyber-Bullying”. Bullying in any form can lead to teen depression or suicide (Falkner, 2018). Bringing bullying to the forefront has increase awareness of the problem and promoted education throughout schools not only is it important to educate on types of bullying but the effect or impacts as well. Educating students, parents, professionals, and communities at large to understand the effects of bullying such as suicides and depressions, and recognizing the signs of bullying which can lead to depression and suicide.
It is worth noting that, it is estimated that more than half of the children who commit suicide are involved in alcohol and drugs (Falkner,2018). This should be enough stimuli for parents to have serious conversations and educate their adolescent children about the negative effects of drugs and alcohol. It is better to avoid or prevent these behaviors than to try to cure them after their occurrences. Hence through quality conversations, awareness, and education about the negative effects of these risks taking behaviors (drugs and alcohol, smuggling and selling drugs, use of drugs, and engaging in unprotected sex) prevention can be achieved.
Also, adolescents at this age suffer from identity and confusion a stage which is also termed transition because children are leaving childhood into adulthood hence a high level of confusion of personality in areas of social interactions and how to fit into the society. At this stage they will need to be educated in school and parents on how to about it since most decision-taking at this age will extend to adulthood
The way forward to any problem is to identify the problem from which, an appropriate solution can be made. Hence, to cultivate coping mechanisms, parents should identify the problem and its root because it is only at that point that the solution can be found. Firstly, it is imperative that there is a trusting relationship between parents and the child to ensure a smooth flow of their communication and finally good bonding because children will tend to open up if they share a strong bond. Also encouraging them to make friends with peers who have the same life goals, daily objectives like the same time to do extracurricular activities and the same time to study will go a long way to keep them safe and better their lives.
Falkner. A: Grand Canyon University (Ed.). (2018). Health Assessment: Foundations for Effective Practice Retrieved from https://lc.gcumedia.com/nrs434vn/health-assessment-foundations-for-effective-practice/v1.1/#/chapter/3