NRS-429VN Family-Centered Health Promotion Topic 1 DQ 2

NRS-429VN Family-Centered Health Promotion Topic 1 DQ 2

Health promotion is the act of educating people about healthy lifestyles and reducing the risk of detreating health by limiting harmful behaviors. In health promotion, the aim is to improve the health of populations through health education. As Nola Pender noticed that health care professionals were only treating disease and not recognizing the promotion of healthy lifestyles, she developed the health promotion model in response. Pender’s health promotion model provides a framework to understand health promotion behaviors by recognizing the family as the unit of assessment and intervention. The three main components of the model are recognizing experiences and characteristics of the individual, understanding behavior-specific cognition and affect, and implementing behavioral outcomes. The model helps in teaching behavioral changes by encouraging health professionals to provide positive resources to help patients achieve positive behavior changes (Health Promotion: Health & Wellness Across the Continuum, 2018) NRS-429VN Family-Centered Health Promotion Topic 1 DQ 2.


Some barriers that affect a patient’s ability to learn include culture, language, and physiological barriers. A patient’s readiness to learn, or readiness to change, affects learning outcomes because if a patient does not have an interest in changing unhealthy habits, then the educational teaching will be ineffective. When the will to learn is present, the nurse can expect teaching efforts to be received well and for patients to have good outcomes (Ine, 2018).


Health Promotion: Health & Wellness Across the Continuum. (2018). [E-book]. Grand Canyon University. Retrieved August 1, 2022, from

Ine, C. I. (2018, February 14). 4 Ways RNs Can Improve Patient Education. Onward Healthcare. Retrieved August 5, 2022, from

NRS-429VN Family-Centered Health Promotion Topic 1 DQ 2 Topic 1 DQ 2

Describe a health promotion model used to initiate behavioral changes. How does this model help in teaching behavioral changes? What are some of the barriers that affect a patient’s ability to learn? How does a patient’s readiness to learn, or readiness to change, affect learning outcomes?

The health promotion model is a language that provides a platform of intervention that is logical, putting into consideration the environment and audience targeted. it initiates successful programs that enhance behavioral change and emphasizes communication, which is essential for adaptation to a specific direction of behavior NRS-429VN Family-Centered Health Promotion Topic 1 DQ 2.

Pender’s health promotion model concentrates on three major categories: individual characteristics and experiences, behavior-specific cognitions and affect and lastly, the behavioral outcomes (Butts & Rich, 2018, p.446).

The first category explores the concept that every individual has his or her own set of characteristics from one’s past actions and experiences, which in turn help shape their actions on partaking in future health promoting behaviors (Butts & Rich, 2018, p.446). NRS-429VN Family-Centered Health Promotion Topic 1 DQ 2 Personal attributes and habits can also be a barrier to health-promoting behaviors.

The second category involves the behavior-specific cognitions and affect which have a direct impact on the individual’s motivation for change (Butts & Rich, 2018, p.447).  Nursing interventions can be tailored to these variables that include the observed benefits and barriers to the action, self-worth, and the activity-related result to assist in forming positive changes.

The third category is the behavioral outcome (Butts & Rich, 2018, p.447). The start of the outcome begins with the person committing to taking the steps necessary to make a change. During this phase the individual must be supported with barriers addressed to produce a positive health-promoting behavior (Butts & Rich, 2018, p.447).  The goal of the health promotion model is to stimulate a behavioral change that results in a positive health outcome.

One must assess the learned behaviors we gain from our family and community environments because these learned behaviors influence the individual’s ability to participate in health-promoting behaviors (Butts & Rich, 2018, p.448) NRS-429VN Family-Centered Health Promotion Topic 1 DQ 2.

The environment includes the person’s physical, social, and economic conditions. How one defines health has a direct impact on the promotion of well-being and prevention of disease. Through motivation the individual is able to prevent illness and promote healthy behaviors (Butts & Rich, 2018, p.448)

In order to foster positive health-promoting behaviors the nurse must take into account the individual’s self-worth, benefits for the change, environmental control, and any potential barriers to change. Other factors that influence the patient’s ability to change behavior effectively are physical inactivity, stress, and unhealthy diets to mention but a few invite challenges such as low income, cultural and ethnic differences, healthy food inaccessibility, and lack of access to safe places for exercises

The preparedness of a patient to learn determines the change result. Arguably, lacking the knowledge of challenges a patient is facing hinders the precise program determination. In this regard, it becomes challenging to induce a fair scheme that will bear fruits. On the other hand, a patient being open and ready to learn provides the best platform to inject the right strategy NRS-429VN Family-Centered Health Promotion Topic 1 DQ 2. The readiness, therefore, determines the direction of results, either negatively and or positively. Arguably, a practical scheme addresses not only the behavior but also the factors surrounding it, thus basically depending entirely on the target preparedness.


Pender’s Health Promotion Model. Health and Wellness. (2016, November 17). Retrieved from

Alaviani, M., Khosravan, S., Alami, A., & Moshki, M. (2015). The Effect of a Multi-Strategy Program on Developing Social Behaviors Based on Pender’s Health Promotion Model to Prevent Loneliness of Old Women Referred to Gonabad Urban Health Centers. IJCBNM3(2), 132-140.

Butts, J. B., & Rich, K. L. (2018). Philosophies and Theories for Advanced Nursing Practice. Burlington, MA: Jones & Bartlett Learning.

Health and Wellness (2016, November 17). Retrieved from

Khodaveisi, M., Omidi, A., Farokhi, S., & Soltanian, A. (2017). The Effect of Pender’s Health Promotion Model in Improving the Nutritional Behavior of Overweight and Obese Women. IJCBNM5(2), 165-174.

Voskuil, V. R., Robbins, L. B., & Pierce, S. J. (2019). Predicting physical activity among urban adolescent girls: A test of the health promotion model. Research in Nursing & Health42(5), 392–409 NRS-429VN Family-Centered Health Promotion Topic 1 DQ 2.