Long And Short-Term Memory Essay
Review the material on long and short-term memory. Then answer the following questions:
Describe long-term memory and short-term memory.
Give an example of explicit memory and how you have experienced this concept yourself.
Give an example of implicit memory and how you have experienced this concept yourself.
Please be sure to validate your opinions and ideas with citations and references in APA format.Long And Short-Term Memory Essay
Estimated time to complete: 2-3 hours
Please review post and response expectations. Please review the rubric to ensure that your response meets criteria.
Encoding and retrieval are essential to the workings of the memory, and the fact that there are two main kinds of memory – short term and long term – is significant. Short term memory holds information for fairly short intervals, whereas long term memory stores information for a far longer amount of time. The relationship between both, as some Psychologists claim, is envisaged by stage theory. When information is encoded, it is stored in short term memory. It must remain there for a long time in order for it to be finally stored in long term memory. The means for retaining it in short term memory is known as ‘rehearsal’. By recalling information repeatedly, the chances of this information being …show more content…
However these activities can be accomplished without any transfer of knowledge into short-term memory, and it is not uncommon to discover that a student may not remember any of the facts in an essay after having spent ten minutes underlining “important” passages. Similarly, chemistry students can organize lists of different types of acids without integrating the knowledge and transferring the lists to long-term memory. The necessary ingredient for the encoding process to occur is the “active” or conscious state of the learner while completing the task. Hence, “active” in the definitions of the four component processes.
Gleitman (1995) follows the thinking of most theorists today, claiming that it’s the way in which the individual encodes and organises the information provided, and how that information is processed and encoded psychologically.Long And Short-Term Memory Essay
Short Term Memory and Long Term Memory
Research evidence, theory’s and studies supports the views that suggest long term memory and short term memory are separate stores.
Short term memory is a system for storing information for brief periods of time. Some researchers (e.g. Atkinson and Shiffrin 1968) see short term memory simply as a temporary storage depot for incoming information, whereas others (e.g. Baddeley 1986, 1990) prefer to use the term ‘working memory’ to indicate its dynamic, flexible aspects.
Long term memory, on the other hand, holds a vast quantity of information which can be stored for long periods of time. The information kept in this store is diverse and wide ranging Long And Short-Term Memory Essay
In addition, the study explored whether short term memory and long term memory was semantically coded. The participants were given sets of words to recall: acoustically similar, acoustically dissimilar, semantically similar or semantically dissimilar. The participants were then split in to 2 groups, one group was asked to recall the word immediately (STM), whereas the other group was asked to recall the words after an interval of 20 minutes (LTM)If the participants were asked to recall the word list immediately (STM) they did less well with acoustically similar words than with acoustically dissimilar words. When they recalled the words after an interval (LTM), they performed the same on the acoustic lists but there were differences on the semantic lists. The conclusions made supported the earlier research; this study suggested that short term memory is based largely on an acoustic code, whereas long term memory tends to be based on semantic codes. Long And Short-Term Memory Essay