Legal Consequences or Pending Litigation From the Misconduct.
Describe a scientific misconduct within the last five years involving some aspect of the process of conducting research or dissemination of findings. Use annual reports or newsletters published by the U. S. Office of Research Integrity or other sources such as Lexus-Nexus or PubMed®. Include the following in your description: Name, position, employer of offender Nature of the misconduct Legal consequences or pending litigation from the misconduct Actual or potential consequences for patients/public Actual or potential consequences for Evidence-Based Practice.Legal Consequences or Pending Litigation From the Misconduct.
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o Review the following resources:
1. The International Council of Nurses’ (ICN) The ICN Code of Ethics for Nurses (2012)
2. American Nurses Association’s (ANA) ANA Position Statements on Ethics and Human Rights
3. ANA’s Code of Ethics for Nurses
4. Steneck, N. (2007). ORI introduction to the responsible conduct of research. Washington, D.C.: US Government Printing Office.
5. The Hastings Center web site
6. The Hastings Center’s Bioethics Forum
7. Office for Human Research Protections (OHRP)
8. Office for Human Research Protections (OHRP) IRB guidebook
9. U.S. Department of Veterans Affairs, Human Subjects Protection
10. Collaborative Institutional Training Initiative (CITI)
• Explore the following web sites:Legal Consequences or Pending Litigation From the Misconduct.
o The Office of Research Integrity (ORI)
This federal office promotes integrity in biomedical and behavioral research supported by the U.S. Public Health Service (PHS) at about 4,000 institutions worldwide. The Office of Research Integrity (ORI) monitors institutional investigations of research misconduct and facilitates the responsible conduct of research (RCR) through educational, preventive, and regulatory activities. This web site provides an up-to-date report of cases of scientific misconduct, current regulations/announcements, and training opportunities in scientific integrity oversight.Legal Consequences or Pending Litigation From the Misconduct.
o Kennedy Institute of Ethics at Georgetown University
This institute is the world’s oldest and most comprehensive academic center on bioethics (protection of research subjects, reproductive and feminist bioethics, end-of-life care, health care justice, intellectual disability, cloning, gene therapy, eugenics, and other major issues in bioethics).Legal Consequences or Pending Litigation From the Misconduct.
A scientific misconduct
Name, position, employer of the offender
Research misconduct refers to plagiarism (using the words or ideas of another individual without providing suitable credit), falsification (changing results or data), or fabrication (making up results or data) when conducting a research study or disseminating findings. Dr. Rahul Jayant was employed by the Texas Tech University Health Sciences center’s (TTUHSC) as assistant professor pharmaceutical sciences at the School of Pharmacy. The Dr. Jayant engaged in research misconduct when conducting research under the funding of the United States Public Health Services (PHS), in particular, the National Institute of Health and National Institute on Drug Abuse. The research misconduct was revealed following a report of an inquiry carried out by the TTUHSC and analysis carried out y the office of research integrity (ORI, 2020).Legal Consequences or Pending Litigation From the Misconduct.
Nature of the misconduct
Dr. Jayant (respondent) committed research misconduct when he knowingly plagiarized, fabricated, and falsified research results to get PHS funds. ORI established that the respondent plagiarized four figures of brain organoid images and one graph from the journal of Nature Protocols, 2014 without giving credit to the author. The respondent also plagiarized one figure of brain organoids from the journal of Nature Communications 2018 without giving credit to the author. The responded fabricated and falsified three images that representing tests measuring expression of caspase3in human brain organoids when he reused data from a single experiment to represent diverse experimental treatment. The respondent also fabricates nine bar graphs that represented experiments carried out to measure the expression of genes in experimental and control human grain organoid samples that were provided treatment with drugs of abuse (ORI, 2020).Legal Consequences or Pending Litigation From the Misconduct.
Legal consequences or pending litigation from the misconduct
Dr. Jayant got into a voluntary agreement settlement with the ORI and agreed that his research will be supervised for three years starting on July 27, 2020. He agreed that before submitting an application to the PHS for financial support for conducting a research project, he will ensure that there is a plan of how his duties will be supervised and that the plan will be submitted to the ORI for endorsement. The plan for supervision will be designed to make sure that research contributed by Dr. Jayant upholds scientific integrity. He also agreed not to take part in any research that is supported by PHS before he submits a supervision plan to the ORI and the plan approved (ORI, 2020).Legal Consequences or Pending Litigation From the Misconduct.
Actual or potential consequences for patients/public
Research misconduct undermines the objectivity, credibility, and integrity of a research study. The research misconduct that Dr. Jayant committed can make him be mistrusted by other researchers as well as the general public. As indicated by George (2016), plagiarism, falsification, or fabrication of data in clinical trials can possibly cause harm to patients who participate in the trials or those provided treatment based on the findings of the trials. In addition, research misconduct can cause serious damage to the public and scientific trust in the validity of the results of clinical trials. The society might be harmed if false research findings are widely disseminated and believed.Legal Consequences or Pending Litigation From the Misconduct.
Actual or potential consequences for Evidence-Based Practice
Research misconduct constitutes severe threats to evidence-based practice. According to Hoffmann et al (2017), the evidence-based practice process starts with the recognition that a health professional needs clinical information. Some forms of clinical information require to be answered with the help of research evidence. After appropriate structuring of the clinical question, a health professional finds the research evidence on multiple sources, to answer the question The research misconduct that Dr. Jayant engaged in can cause direct damages to evidence-based practice, by generating false leads for health care professionals and other researchers /scientists. although research record is innately self-correcting because consistency, verifiability, and repeatability are key characteristics of the scientific method, inaccurate, falsified, plagiarized or fabricated findings can persist for a for long periods and misled evidence-based practice.Legal Consequences or Pending Litigation From the Misconduct.