Health-Promoting Behavior Essay
Choose one health-promoting behavior in which you personally could but don’t engage. Identify factors, as defined in the health promotion model, which contribute to your decision not to participate. Include immediate competing alternatives. Health-Promoting Behavior Essay
2. Analyze factors that contribute to your participation in a health-promoting activity and place each factor under the appropriate label from the health promotion model.
3. Consider your own philosophy of health and prepare your description of wellness. Is absence of disease more prominent than positive, active statements of health?
4. Anticipate the health-promoting behaviors important at various stages of development across the life span. What health promotion topics do you include in your practice? Health-Promoting Behavior Essay
Like never before have there been so many demands or efforts on those in health care to facilitate behavior changes, or so many potential strategies from which to choose from. Health care professionals now realize that multiple interventions at multiple levels are often needed to initiate and sustain behavior change in their patients, in their community, in their family and ultimately in their own lives. Behavior change is our best hope in reducing problems such as preventable diseases, chronic illnesses, health disparities, violence, and death around the world. In this Age of Information, where society has shifted to an economy based on information computerization, gamification has become a prevalent force in promoting such changes. Health-Promoting Behavior Essay
Although gamification is a new term for me, it is apparent, through my research that it has become a recent topic in health promotion and behavior change “Gamification is a broad ‘umbrella’ term used to encompass the process of using gaming elements to motivate and engage people in non-game contexts” (King, Greaves, Exeter, and Darzi, 2013).
Health promotion has become a key part of healthcare in todayâ€™s health industry. Promoting healthy lifestyles and behaviors and prevention of disease has shifted to a forefront position in the arena of healthcare. Health promotion is defined by the World Health Organization as â€œthe process which enables people to improve control over the determinants of health and as a result to improve their own health.â€(Jadelhack, 2012, p. 65) Promoting wellness and developing strategies to obtain this including confrontation of obstacles and barriers to wellness has become mainstream in nursing practice. Nurses now incorporate areas of education, practice, methodology, and research which has set them at the cutting edge in health promotion. Studies have shown that health promotion is highly cost-effective and as health costs rise, targeting diseases that are preventable such as hypertension, obesity, diabetes, COPD, and communicable diseases such as Hepatitis and HIV can greatly diminish healthcare costs.Promoting prevention rather than just curing disease after it occurs will reduce healthcare costs exponentially. In the past, nurses provided patient education arranged at teaching patients how to manage current illness, the focus was on the present. In todayâ€™s nursing the focus is now on maintaining optimum health and behaviors that promote healthy lifestyles in effect heading off disease before it occurs. The spotlight is now on future health and management of wellness and on remaining healthy. In order to do this, nurses must possess a strong understanding of the disease process and interventions that can be made in order to guide the patient and communities. Health-Promoting Behavior Essay They also must be well educated and knowledgeable in evidence-based practice and methods to coach and teach patients as well asÂ family members. Nurses play a key role in guiding decisions in health by individuals, families and communities. They must understand theories, models and practices and be equipped to implement interventions as well as evaluate effectiveness and redesign the approach to meet the desired outcome.As people become more aware of the benefits of good health and aware of their own health, community wellness is likely to improve. In order to facilitate and implement these changes, information delivery must be adequate and appropriate. Nurses must be educated in the delivery of health education and equipped to head off barriers to learning before they happen. Understanding cultural diversity and learning models promote better education of patients and communities. Advocating for healthy behaviors and lifestyles must be implemented and promoted at every contact with the patient. This is already seen in action by incentives for smoking cessation and weight loss by organizations and insurance companies. The public must be given the appropriate tools to enable them to make the changes necessary to promote wellness goals. In addition, optimizing opportunities during patient contact must be made. Every contact is an opportunity to advance healthy behaviors and to education patients and families. Clinic visits alone should not be the only interaction nurses utilize to address health promotion.Dressing changes, injections, home health visits, and telephone contact are all optimal times to promote healthy behavior and educate patients. The platform for teaching comes in many settings for nurses and must be utilized to the highest extent possible. Health promotion comes in three formats, primary, secondary, and tertiary. The first level of health care, or primary prevention is provisioned to promote health and prevention of disease. The second level or secondary prevention is aimed at early identification of disease. Health-Promoting Behavior Essay Targeting high risk individuals in which the disease process has not yet manifested itself in order to promote measures that minimize the effects of disease. The third level of health care is known as tertiary prevention. This level of care involves care of disease that is already established. It works to restore the best level of function and disease management. It also promotes diminishing any further advancement of the disease process. The main difference between the three levels of care is primarily the extent of disease and the level of affliction faced by the patient.Primary level of care deals mainly withÂ healthy individuals who have not yet displayed evidence of disease. This level deals with lessening the propensity for disease through methods such as vitamins, immunizations, weight control, smoking cessation and other healthy lifestyle behaviors. The secondary level addresses care geared towards maintaining the level of health the patient is currently at and preventing advancement of disease. An example of this would be a patient who has a family history of hypertension whose blood pressure readings are increasingly elevated. Health promotion would be designed to avoid onset of the disease as well as health lifestyle changes to limit the already present risk. In tertiary prevention, care involves addressing health conditions and disease that have already manifested.The goal of this level is to return the patient to an optimal level of functioning and preventing further progression of the disease. Support of the patientâ€™s current health status and educating them to prevent complications as a result of the disease. This is demonstrated as educating a Hepatitis C patient on the importance of discontinuing alcohol consumption and safe sex practices to prevent transmission and coinfections. The nursing role extends well beyond primary care and basic skills. Health promotion is a progressive way nurses can assist patients, providers and communities in implementing and advocating for wellness and prevention of disease.ReferencesBaker, D. (2007). Media Review: Health Promotion in Nursing Practice. Retrieved from http://www.acme-articles.com/article/Healthcare_Systems/Health_Promotion_In_Nursing_Practice/87821 Jadelhack, R. (2012). Health-Promoting Behavior Essay
Medical health promotion: a practice that incorporates all the sectors involved in the medical department at all levels. An illustration by Linsley, Kane & Owen (2011) shows that there are health consequences that result from improper implementation of this approach when the policy makers redirect the decision based on health promotion. This health promotion approach aims at reducing death rates that result from premature births as well as morbidity as some of the consequences that result from poor implementation of this approach. Methods used for the implementation of this approach include risk education and medical intervention. Health promotion policy brings together various but corresponding approaches that include taxation, legislation, organizational change of the medical facility, and financial measures of the facility that result in good health, social policy, and income that promote increased equity. Health-Promoting Behavior Essay
Just like any other new method to be implemented in any organization, medical approach could not be implemented without any criticism. Medical approach overlooks social and environmental factors and looks forward to an increase in medical involvement and conformity.
This approach was implemented by incorporating the various departments in the clinical setting I was working. Risk education methodology as well as medical intervention was used to all the staff members to enable effective implementation of the approach and embracing health promotion policy resulted in good health, social policy, and income that promote increased equity. This approach was much effective to the clinic compared to the literature. Health-Promoting Behavior Essay
Educational health promotion: a practice that provides information that gives support to social and personal development of an individual, develop life ability, and health education. Through education, this approach provides a wide range of control that an individual is able to access in order to have control of her health and environment, and make conducive choices that concern her health. It aims at providing information and developed the ability to people so that they can make informed choices on issues concerning their health (Vandiver, 2009). Methodology used for implementation of this approach includes provision of information through mass media and small groups, through group discussions, and role plays. This giving of information to the people enables them to keep learning throughout their lives, to prepare them for the stages of life, and to know how to deal with injuries as well as chronic illnesses. Health-Promoting Behavior Essay
The main problem that accompanies this health promotion approach is the assumption of the relation that exists between knowledge, attitude, and behavior changes of people.
Through giving information to people, they were able to learn how important their health is to them. Role plays, group discussions and mass media and small groups made it easy to implement educational approach and resulted in quality health promotion and good care of health among the people. The effectiveness of this method was better as compared to literature.
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Social Changes health promotion: a practice that enhances the strengthening of the community. The strengthening of the community is facilitated through setting priorities that are solid, decision making, strategy planning and implementation to ensure the outcome is good health. This approach aims at bringing about changes that give people better health in their social, physical and economic environment. In order to effectively implement this approach, there is need to have access to information, opportunities of learning health matters, and support necessary for funding. With these needs in place, community development is able to improve on self help and social support and with these, the development of a flexible structure for the strengthening of public participation and course of health matters. Health-Promoting Behavior Essay
The main challenge that hinders the effective implementation of this approach is the requirement for the major structural changes (Linsley, Kane & Owen, 2011). This challenge creates vulnerability from the official opposition.
Social changes as a method of health promotion approach find difficulty in its implementation since the structural changes required are major and not all clinical settings have the means to meet these structural changes. Resulting from this, the clinical setting stands vulnerable to opposition from officials. The effectiveness of this approach is not as in the literature. Health-Promoting Behavior Essay
Empowerment health promotion: a practice that encourages the need for taking care of one another, for the community, and for the natural environment. This need is the guiding standard of people, a community, a nation, a region, and the whole world at large that encourages maintenance of a socio-ecological attitude towards health. It aims to identify the health needs of an individual or community and gather knowledge, ability and approach to act ahead through a program of action. Scriven 2012 elaborates the complexity and interrelation of the societies we are in cannot separate health from the other goals we have and the protection of natural resources emphasizes our responsibilities. The methods involved in the implementation of empowerment approach include counseling, advocacy, solving problems, public participation, and community development.Criticisms that come with this approach is that it is not easy to enumerate results, and that there is a lot of assumptions that coherent choices are healthy. Health-Promoting Behavior Essay
Through the methods of implementation of this approach, public participation, counseling as well as community development plays a major role in ensuring that this approach is effective. The people are able to understand that coming up together and participating in solving problems plays a major role in their health. The implementation is far more effective compared to the literature.
Behavioral Changes health promotion: a practice that provides room for an individual to change her behavior for the betterment of her health (Dixey, 2012). Negative behaviors affect an individual’s health negatively while positive behavior affects it positively. It aims to encourage an individual adopt healthy behaviors. Methods used in implementing this approach are explicit learning, cueing, and prompting. The difficulties facing this approach are ignoring social and economic factors, difficulties in addressing behavioral causes, and blaming of the victim. Health-Promoting Behavior Essay
There is difficulty in the implementation of this approach in the clinical setting because of the difficulties that arise with the use of this approach. The blaming of the victims and failure to address behavioral causes makes it hard and is not as the literature puts it. Health-Promoting Behavior Essay