Head To Toe Assessment Essay.
The purpose of the assignment is to provide a comprehensive head to toe assessment of the chosen participant, patient X, 32 years of male. A head-to-toe assessment is defined as a physical examination or health assessment of a patient which becomes one of the most fundamental components of the health care sector which further provides the understanding of a patient’s needs and problems. This paper will provide a summative overview of the head to toe assessment of 9 components of health which will provide an idea of the abnormal and normal health status. Head To Toe Assessment Essay.
The assessment of the ear focuses on the activity of the auditory system of the person. Hence, the audibility of the person would be assessed in this assessment. The assessment also includes any kind of lesion or protrusion observation on the ear by palpating the auricle. Looking inside the ear in order to observe the condition and the exudates of the ear would also be considered. Moreover, the tuning fork test of Weber should also be implemented along with whisper test for the audibility and the range of audibility by the range of sounds would be assessed. The measurement of the audibility of the person would be done by audiometer and the process is termed as the audiometry (Govender & Mars, 2018).
Head and Face assessment:
Assessment of head and face will be helpful in the identification of the orientation and other pain or sensation issues of the person. Hence, checking the distribution and condition of the hair would be required. Moreover, checking the scalp for identifying any bump or lesion would be done as well. Palpating the scalp for the tenderness and any kind of pain in the scalp would also be done. Furthermore, observation for the assessment of the symmetrical facial movement would be required. Other than these palpating the face for any kind of pain or dull sensation should be assessed (Marmura, Silberstein & Schwedt, 2015). On this context it can be stated that the dull sensation should be considered as and treated as it can be caused by neurological disorder.Head To Toe Assessment Essay.
Mouth and Throat assessment:
This assessment helps in the identification of the hydration condition, functionality of the mouth and teeth, infection identification in the mouth and other factors. This assessment is dependent on the observation process and focuses on the colour and moistness of the lips, inspect the teeth and gums by observing any colour or infection identification, examining the tongue colour and looking into the tonsils. Furthermore, the palpating of jaw joints would also be considered for identification of any kind of displacement as well (Epstein et al., 2017).Head To Toe Assessment Essay.
Circulatory system assessment:
This assessment focuses on the inspection of the metabolic function of a person. Hence, the bowel movement of the person should be questioned at the time of the assessment that is if there is any kind of problem identified by the patient should be considered with priority. Moreover, the inspection of the abdomen by listening to the bowel sounds of the four quadrates of abdomen. Other than this palpating the abdomen or assessing the pain or tenderness of the abdomen should also be done (Cunningham et al., 2016). Hence, the assessment is done through observation.Head To Toe Assessment Essay.
Leg and feet assessment:
This assessment focuses on the range of motion and the strengths of the ankles, muscles and joints as well. The measurement of the range of motion would be conducted by implementing goniometer (Meir et al., 2017). Moreover, the cap refills of the toenails and the pulses of the legs should be done by palpating the feet and other portions of the leg. Furthermore, pressing the leg muscles to identify any sharp or dull sensation of the leg muscles should also be done. On this context it can be stated that the dull sensation should be considered as and treated as it can be caused by neurological disorder. Other than all these the gait assessment should be done by the observation of the movement and the orientation of the feet during the walking process of the person.Head To Toe Assessment Essay.
Neck and Shoulder assessment:
The assessment of neck and should would also be focused on the range of motion measurement by the goniometer. The shoulder assessment can also be done through the providing resistance and observing the functionality of the shoulder against range of resistance. Moreover, palpating the lymph nodes of head, face, neck and underarms would be conducted for the assessment of the pain and sensations along with functionality (Habibi, Mohammadi & Sartang, 2016). Neck and the trachea would also be palpated for the same assessment.
Plan of care for the person would include the consideration of the abnormal conditions found by the head to toe assessment. On this context it can be stated that the observation of the patient and the evaluation of the issues play a crucial role in the care plan development. Firstly, the focus should be on the improvement of the abnormal condition and reverting to the normal state. For this process the health care professional would be prescribing medicines such as diuretics, beta blockers or ACE inhibitors for blood pressure issues; beta blockers for heart rate control; anti microbial or anti fungal medicines for any kind of infection on skin or eye or any other portion identified during head to toe assessment; loperamide or bismuth subsalicylate for stomach pain, lactulose, linaclotide and lubiprostone for proper bowel movement; non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drug for the muscle pain; vitamin B medicines for the nerve damage control (Corden et al., 2016). For eye treatment medication such as eye drops and vitamins, eye exercises and if needed operation would be prescribed. Secondly, the neurological issues such as the movement issue and also the issues regarding other musculoskeletal problems should be diagnosed properly through different electromagnetic test (MRI, CT scan, EEG, EMG, NCV) implementation (Naro et al., 2016). Based on the test result the health care professional should prescribe regular physiotherapy, exercises and muscle strengthening exercises as well. Other than these the intervention process would also focusing on the education of the patient and also motivating the patient to develop self management skills such as medication administration on time and with specific dose, proper diet following and proper routine following for other works (Collins et al., 2017).Head To Toe Assessment Essay. The education should be about healthy habits, hygiene maintenance, daily exercises. Hence, regarding the motivation and knowledge development of the patient the health care professionals can develop health promotion plans for improving health literacy and reducing disease rates among adult people such as obesity, cardiovascular disease, gastrointestinal diseases and also the physiological disorders (Brisbois & Asselin, 2016). Moreover, any kind of specialised chronic illness such diabetes, obesity, cancer and others should be referred to the specialist carer and health promotion for these issues should be considered with priority.Head To Toe Assessment Essay.
Based on the above discussion it can be concluded that the head to toe assessment is a crucial factor in terms of the primary diagnosis of a person. Moreover, the process helps in identification of any kind of abnormality and done by observation or other instrument implementation. Based on the assessment the intervention, medication and health promotion or education of the individual patient or a community would be done.Head To Toe Assessment Essay.