Global Burden of Disease Study Essay

Global Burden of Disease Study Essay

Week 2: Discussion Question – PICOT Question Points: 30 | Due Date: Week 2, Day 3 & 7 | CLO: 2 | Grade Category: Discussions Discussion Prompt Post a clinically relevant research question using the PICOT format. How did you arrive at this topic and question? Why is it important? Expectations Initial Post: Due: Thursday, 11:59 pm PT Length: A minimum of 250 words, not including references Citations: At least one high-level scholarly reference in APA format from within the last 5 years. Global Burden of Disease Study Essay.

PICOT Question

In nursing, the PICOT framework is a consistent formula used for developing answerable and researchable research questions. PICOT is a mnemonic for population, intervention, comparison, outcome, and time frame. It defines all the elements of a good clinical question. A clinical question that piques my interest centers on evidence-based interventions that can decrease the incidence of patient falls among hospitalized patients. Various interventions have been proven effective in reducing the occurrence of patient falls. Among them are staff education, hourly rounding, environmental modifications, and the use of bed alarms. However, research suggests that using a prevention bundle is more effective than a single nursing intervention for patient falls (Frieson et al., 2018). Global Burden of Disease Study Essay.  In light of this, the clinical question stated in PICOT format is; among nurses caring for hospitalized patients (P), does a prevention bundle comprising of staff education, purposeful hourly rounding, and use of bed alarms (I) compared to the use of bed alarms only (C ) reduce the incidence of patient falls (O) in six months (T)?


I arrived at this topic and question after observing a notable increase in patient falls rates in my work organization. Specifically, elderly hospitalized patients have been at a higher risk of falls due to risk factors such as lack of gait, effects of medications, normal aging changes, and pre-existing medical conditions that affect their strength and balance. As a result, examining the effectiveness of a prevention bundle for patient falls is incredibly crucial. Addressing patient falls among the elderly is essential, given the numerous consequences of falls. According to research, one in every four Americans fall every year (He et al., 2020). Similarly, older adults are treated in the emergency room every 11 minutes for falls. Falls remain the leading causes of fatal injuries and trauma-related admissions among the elderly. Other consequences of patient falls are trauma, increased admissions, lengthened hospital stays, and increased healthcare costs. Global Burden of Disease Study Essay.


Frieson, C. W., Tan, M. P., Ory, M. G., & Smith, M. L. (2018). Editorial: Evidence-based practices to reduce falls and fall-related injuries among older adults. Frontiers in Public Health, 6.

He, H., Xie, H., Chen, Y., Li, C., Han, D., Xu, F., & Lyu, J. (2020). Global, regional, and national burdens of bladder cancer in 2017: Estimates from the 2017 global burden of disease study. . Global Burden of Disease Study Essay.