Fundamentals of Nursing E-Book Essay

Fundamentals of Nursing E-Book Essay

In order to develop a deeper understanding of a theory, the nurse should reflect on the application of theories by evaluating how the strengths and weaknesses of the specific theories support the roles of nurses in their practice settings. In this milestone assignment, you will complete Review and Reflect: Part One of your final project. This milestone paper must include the following critical elements: Analyze the theories that you see being used by the nurses and nursing departments in their general practice within your practice setting. Be sure to provide specific examples as evidence to support your response. (Section IIA of the final project) Select one theory from the theories you identified as being used in your practice setting, and analyze the theory for its strengths and weaknesses in supporting the different roles that nurses have in today\’s dynamic healthcare environment. For example, are there certain components that work better with certain problems in healthcare? (Section IIB of the final project) How applicable or effective do you feel the theories that are in use within your practice setting are in terms of promoting master\’s-level nursing practice? In other words, how does the use of these theories lend itself to fostering professional growth and development?Fundamentals of Nursing E-Book Essay.  (Section IID of the final project) To what extent do you feel use of the identified theories influences, promotes, or hinders quality in healthcare within your practice setting? Be sure to substantiate your claims. (Section IIE of the final project) Do in word doc for editing APA 7th edition

Section IIA

            At my workplace, the main nursing theories I see nurses apply when caring for patients include the theory of comfort in nursing, theory of human caring, and theory of self-care in nursing. The theory of comfort in nursing was proposed by Katharine Kolcaba in the 1990s as a middle range theory, and posits that comfort should be an immediate outcome of nursing care (Yoost & Crawford, 2019). Nurses apply this theory by ensuring that patients achieve comfort through ease, transcendence, and relief. One of the way I observed nurses at the workplace practicing this theory is when they administer pain medication for patients in post-operative care, hence, helping the patients achieve relief.

Nurses practice the theory of human caring, which was proposed by Jean Watson, and posits that the nursing process is concerned with restoring health, preventing illness, and promoting health. The theory focuses on disease treatment (Masters, 2015). At the workplace, the nurses apply this theory by respecting the patient’s autonomy, wishes, and trying their level best to understand the patients and their needs, while offering them care and comfort. For instance, one of the patients admitted at the hospital wished to only speak to a specific nurse, and the management ensured the patient’s wishes were fulfilled.

On the theory of self-care proposed by Dorothea Orem, the nurses at the workplace apply it by engaging patients in telehealth, where they guide them on self-care at home, and the various activities they can undertake to enhance their health. For instance, nurses teach the diabetic patients how to inject themselves with insulin, instead of having to visit the healthcare facility each time they require insulin shots. Fundamentals of Nursing E-Book Essay.


Section IIB

            Dorothea Orem’s theory of self-care provides the nursing practice with a strong base, where it is applicable in a variety of nursing fields (Barry et al, 2015). Nurses from different fields can apply this theory successfully on their patients. Another major strength of this theory is that it is applicable in nursing advocacy, where the nurse can use this theory to advocate for patient autonomy. For instance, if a patient prefers to receive treatment and interventions from home, and their health is not in critical condition, nurses can use this theory to advocate for the patient and their autonomy.

However, this theory is limited because it can be ambiguous within nursing practice; whereby it may not encompass all aspect of nursing practice. For instance, the definition of family care givers may be unclear, and areas that require public education are weak. Additionally, applying this theory in nursing practice is limited because patients have varying needs and levels of care, that self-care may not fulfill.

Section IIC

            At the master’s level nursing practice, nurses require skills to implement evidence-based practice, and offer mentorship and guidance to the junior nurses. As such, applying these theories would be effective at master’s nursing level. For instance, by applying the theory of comfort, nurses use evidence-based practice to offer patients comfort through advanced relief methods, such as advanced drugs. Within the theory of self-care, nurses at this level can promote their professional growth by using evidence-based studies to determine the patients eligible for self-care treatments, to enhance their overall health outcomes.

Section IID

            The theory of human caring and theory of comfort promote quality in healthcare because they both promote holistic nursing (Smith & Gullet, 2019). Fundamentals of Nursing E-Book Essay. The two theories focus on the patient as entity, and help the patient achieve comfort through transcendence, relief, and ease, all which ensure that the patient receive holistic treatment physically, mentally, and spiritually.


Barry, C., Gordon, S., & King, B. (2015). Nursing case studies in caring. Springer Publishing Company.

Masters, K. (2015). Nursing Theories: A Framework for Professional Practice. Jones & Bartlett Learning.

Smith, M., & Gullett, D. (2019). Nursing theories and nursing practice. F.A Davis.

Yoost, B., & Crawford, L. (2019). Fundamentals of Nursing E-Book: Active Learning for Collaborative Practice. Elsevier Health Sciences. Fundamentals of Nursing E-Book Essay.