Focus of the Discipline of Nursing
In the introductory paragraph, describe the purpose and the significance of the paper. YOU MUST start the paper as follows: The purpose of this paper is to: describe Newman et al\’s ideas about the focus of the discipline of nursing, describe five of Nightingale\’s ideas about nursing; discuss three areas of correspondence and three areas where there is a lack of correspondence between Newman et al\’s and Nightingale\’s ideas; and derive implications for application in your practice of nursing. 2. Cite a minimum of 2 references in APA format. Double spaced 3. Required level one headings for this paper are: *Notes on Nursing: What it is and what it is not *Focus of the Discipline of Nursing * Compare and Contrast the Ideas of the Authors *Implications for Nursing Practice References must come from scholarly books or journals. ( NO website references allowed) Must have cover and references which are not included in the 3-4 pages You must use at the beginning \”The purpose of this paper and also use the word significance of the paper later Focus of the Discipline of Nursing
The purpose of this paper is to: describe Newman et al.’s ideas about the focus of the discipline of nursing, describe five of Nightingale.’s ideas about nursing; discuss three areas of correspondence and three areas where there is a lack of correspondence between Newman et al.’s and Nightingale.’s ideas; and derive implications for application in your practice of nursing. The significance of this paper is to describe the focus of the nursing discipline based on nursing theorists such as Nightingale and Neuman, and central concepts of caring and health.Focus of the Discipline of Nursing
Notes on Nursing: What it is and What it is not
According to Florence Nightingale, nursing is the action of utilizing the patient’s environment to aid in the healing process. Nightingale identified five environmental factors, also known as the five ideas of nursing, which help patients in recovery. These are fresh air, pure water, efficient drainage, sanitation, and direct sunlight. The first canon of nursing, according to Nightingale, and the last thing upon which nurses must fix their attention is to ensure that the patient breathes pure air. Without this, all other activities that nurses do for patients are useless (AliSher et al., 2019). To Nightingale, nursing is not the use of medicine to heal diseases. It goes beyond the application of medications and poultices. Modifying the patient’s environment to offer comfort during the disease period constitutes nursing. Nursing, therefore, aids in the capacity of individuals to maintain a person’s health and heal by effectively modifying and managing the environment. Based on Nightingale’s environmental theory, providing a patient with a hygienically good environment in the healthcare setting defines nursing, and reduces the occurrence of health complications.
Focus of the Discipline of Nursing
According to Margaret Neuman, nurses desire for a meaningful practice that is grounded in nursing values and knowledge. As a discipline, the focus of nursing is emergent in the centrality of caring and health as key concepts. Neuman defines nursing as caring in the human health experience (Endo, 2017). It is characterized by the relationship between the nurse and the client, where both grow in higher levels of consciousness. In her theory of health as expanding consciousness, Neuman redefines health as the act of acknowledging the individual within their environment. To her, this is the process through which health is understood. Here, the duty of the nurse is to help individuals understand how to utilize the power within self to expand their levels of consciousness.Focus of the Discipline of Nursing
Compare and Contrast the Ideas of the Authors
Nightingale and Neuman’s theories have areas of correspondence as well as differences. Both theories acknowledge the profound role of the environment in the nursing process. Nightingale asserts that nursing is the process of using a person’s environment to influence their disease and recovery process. Environmental settings must thus be configured to restore a person’s health. Similarly, Neuman redefined nursing as the process of identifying an individual client in relation to their environment. Based on Neuman, consciousness emerges as a progressing trend of the interaction between the person and the environment. Another similarity is that both theories imply the art of nursing in their statements. Nightingale demonstrates nursing as art when she states that nurses must signify appropriate use of air, pure water, cleanliness, and light all at the least expense of the necessary power to the patient. According to her, the art of nursing is specifically constituted to undo what God has made disease, viz a reparative process. Neuman implies nursing as art by positing that all individuals in all situations are components of the universal process of expanding consciousness, become more of their self and obtaining life’s meaning. The third similarity is that nursing is based on caring. According to Nightingale, modifying the patient’s environment constitutes caring. Similarly, Neuman asserts that through caring, nurses assist individuals in achieving a higher level of consciousness.
However, the two theories have different directions for nursing. According to Nightingale, nursing focuses on placing the patient in the best environment for nature to influence his recovery. On the contrary, Neuman considers nursing as caring in human health experience, which is defined by the relationship between the nurse and the patient. The second difference is that Neuman mentions the inter-connectedness of time, movement and space, aspects that Nightingale does not dwell on. Third, Neuman describes the environment as the universe of open systems while Nightingale defines the environment as a community health model that surrounds human beings and which significantly improves their health status.
Implications for Nursing Practice
Both Nightingale and Neuman’s theories are applicable in my nursing practice. Nightingale’s environmental theory is useful in the provision of holistic patient care (Pirani, 2016). As nurses, we can modify the patient’s environment to facilitate recovery and restore his usual health. The theory also encourages the use of nurse intuition and collaborating with environmental health to promote quick healing. Neuman’s theory is also applicable in nursing practice as it enables the establishment of a caring relationship between nurses and clients. As a nurse, the theory is relevant as it fosters interaction with patients, where both parties grow even in complex situations.Focus of the Discipline of Nursing
Ali Pirani, S. S. (2016). Application of Nightingale’s theory in nursing practice. Annals of Nursing and Practice, 3(3), 1-3.
AliSher, A., Atta, S., Yasin, I., & Sohail, M. (2019). Clinical application of Nightingale’s theory. International Journal Of Nursing Care, 7(1), 13. https://doi.org/10.5958/2320-8651.2019.00002.4
Endo, E. (2017). Margaret newman’s theory of health as expanding consciousness and a nursing intervention from a unitary perspective. Asia-Pacific Journal Of Oncology Nursing, 4(1), 50. https://doi.org/10.4103/2347-5625.199076
Focus of the Discipline of Nursing