Facts about Down Syndrome Assignment
Down syndrome is a genetic condition that results when a person is born with 47 chromosomes in their cells instead of the usual 46.This change affects the person growth both physically and cognitively. It results in many other health issues throughout their life.Facts about Down Syndrome Assignment
Following Are The Problems Faced By Down Syndrome Children In Everyday Life:
Children with down syndrome have trouble in performing normal home tasks such as putting on clothes, buttoning the buttons, they loss their balance while putting on their pants. Due to the fine and gross motor control and low muscle tone they do not function properly in home and school environment. They have trouble in feeding as it is hard for them to masticate their food and getting them down.
Many children go to regular schools and may go to regular classes but some need special classes to work out where they have more trouble. Children have difficulty in cutting, pasting objects plus with their handwriting. Learning comes at a snail\’s pace to such children.
As people with DS has problem of shuttering, grasping grammar and sentence formation, so it becomes a barrier for them to converse with other people. Those with low confidence feel difficulty in making friends and feel dependent.
Some people with DS are socially energetic rather than being dull because of this disorder. Adults can live on their own or with family or friends. Some got difficulty with their social life like riding a bus to go about to everyday activities. Not many people with DS have freedom.
People with DS face barriers on attaining higher education as they do not get any support from tutors or any technology. They also get bullied because of this disorder. Most of the adults remain jobless and few of them get jobs in limited number of fields such as areas of food, landscaping, office work etc. A very small fraction gets full time paid employment.Facts about Down Syndrome Assignment
Social development is usually not delayed in DS children as they learn social behaviour from others, friends or TV characters. Not all of them are socially active. They can become less or more social over time as well. They are emotionally full of life and have feelings and moods.
People with DS are at increased risk of having health issues like heart disease, sleep apnea, vision, hearing issues, Alzheimer’s etc. they are more likely to have mental health issues such as depression because they are undertreated. Through memory loss their personality changes, decreased interest in activities and aggression etc. Men with DS are infertile while females are not.
A physiotherapist will first determine the type and severity of difficulties the individual is having in the motor or gross skills then design individualized programs for treatment that may include the following goals:
Motor skills such as crawling, getting up from sitting to standing and walking can be mastered by the child with the help of physiotherapist. Hands on training can be provided by the caregiver for feeding, positioning, movement, play to encourage movement and communication development.
Games and fun tasks can be provided to improve muscle strength. The tasks can be adjusted as the child grows identifying new fitness activities that help to maintain heart health too.
Firm round pillow or an exercise ball can be used to improve the ability of the child to hold head straight and maintain correct sitting position. Other activities such as skipping, jumping can be used to maintain balance and control.
Activity limitations or decreased participation with family or friends can be reduced by community involvement that will promote healthy lifestyle of the child. Also by diet plans and specific exercises one can improve physical fitness Facts about Down Syndrome Assignment
Down syndrome is a condition in which a person has an extra chromosome. Chromosomes are small “packages” of genes in the body. They determine how a baby’s body forms during pregnancy and how the baby’s body functions as it grows in the womb and after birth. Typically, a baby is born with 46 chromosomes. Babies with Down syndrome have an extra copy of one of these chromosomes, chromosome 21. A medical term for having an extra copy of a chromosome is ‘trisomy.’ Down syndrome is also referred to as Trisomy 21. This extra copy changes how the baby’s body and brain develop, which can cause both mental and physical challenges for the baby.Facts about Down Syndrome Assignment
Even though people with Down syndrome might act and look similar, each person has different abilities. People with Down syndrome usually have an IQ (a measure of intelligence) in the mildly-to-moderately low range and are slower to speak than other children.
Some common physical features of Down syndrome include:
Down syndrome remains the most common chromosomal condition diagnosed in the United States. Each year, about 6,000 babies born in the United States have Down syndrome. This means that Down syndrome occurs in about 1 in every 700 babies.1
There are three types of Down syndrome. People often can’t tell the difference between each type without looking at the chromosomes because the physical features and behaviors are similar.
There are two basic types of tests available to detect Down syndrome during pregnancy: screening tests and diagnostic tests. A screening test can tell a woman and her healthcare provider whether her pregnancy has a lower or higher chance of having Down syndrome. Screening tests do not provide an absolute diagnosis, but they are safer for the mother and the developing baby. Diagnostic tests can typically detect whether or not a baby will have Down syndrome, but they can be more risky for the mother and developing baby. Neither screening nor diagnostic tests can predict the full impact of Down syndrome on a baby; no one can predict this.Facts about Down Syndrome Assignment
Screening tests often include a combination of a blood test, which measures the amount of various substances in the mother’s blood (e.g., MS-AFP, Triple Screen, Quad-screen), and an ultrasound, which creates a picture of the baby. During an ultrasound, one of the things the technician looks at is the fluid behind the baby’s neck. Extra fluid in this region could indicate a genetic problem. These screening tests can help determine the baby’s risk of Down syndrome. Rarely, screening tests can give an abnormal result even when there is nothing wrong with the baby. Sometimes, the test results are normal and yet they miss a problem that does exist.
Diagnostic tests are usually performed after a positive screening test in order to confirm a Down syndrome diagnosis. Types of diagnostic tests include:
These tests look for changes in the chromosomes that would indicate a Down syndrome diagnosis.
Many people with Down syndrome have the common facial features and no other major birth defects. However, some people with Down syndrome might have one or more major birth defects or other medical problems. Some of the more common health problems among children with Down syndrome are listed below.8Facts about Down Syndrome Assignment
Health care providers routinely monitor children with Down syndrome for these conditions.
Down syndrome is a lifelong condition. Services early in life will often help babies and children with Down syndrome to improve their physical and intellectual abilities. Most of these services focus on helping children with Down syndrome develop to their full potential. These services include speech, occupational, and physical therapy, and they are typically offered through early intervention programs in each state. Children with Down syndrome may also need extra help or attention in school, although many children are included in regular classes.
The views of these organizations are their own and do not reflect the official position of CDC.
Facts about Down Syndrome Assignment