Diabetes Hispanic Population Essay
Currently in the United States, the Hispanic population is the biggest minority group which represents 13.7% of the entire US population. According to the World Health Organization, Hispanics suffer from significantly high rates of obesity, metabolic syndromes and type 2 Diabetes mellitus (Kharroubi & Darwish, 2015). However, type 2 Diabetes Mellitus is a more significant health issue as compared to other chronic illnesses. According to statistics from the Hispanic Community Health Study, it is evident that close to 17% of Hispanics aged 20 years and older in the US has type 2 DM, a percentage which translates to 3.5 million (Ferdinand & Nasser, 2015). This rate is higher in comparison to the non-Hispanic population whose prevalence is approximately 8%.Diabetes Hispanic Population Essay
Due to poor management and glycemic control, high prevalence rates increase the potential of Hispanics to develop complications later in life. Research suggests that reduced physical activity and inadequate nutrition are the major contributors to the inevitable increase in metabolic syndromes among Hispanics (Rotberg et al., 2016). Besides, several cultural, medical and socio-economic factors influence the course, consequences and development of type 2 Diabetes Mellitus and this reveals why culture-sensitive care is important.
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It is also worth noting that, Hispanics have food preferences and food cultures which fuel poor glycemic control which lead to the development of complications later in life (Njeru et al., 2018). The diets of most Hispanics comprise of foods rich in processed carbohydrates, saturated fats and sugary drinks. Therefore, the most effective interventions to achieve glycemic control in this population are those which target dietary modification and lifestyle change (Ferguson, Swan & Smaldone, 2015).This therefore leads to the following PICOT question:
PICOT Question: Among Hispanics diagnosed with Type 2 Diabetes Mellitus aged 20 years or older(P), how does dietary and lifestyle modification(I) compared to no dietary and lifestyle modification(C) help to achieve glycemic control(O)in the first 3 months after diagnosis(T)?Diabetes Hispanic Population Essay
Ferguson, S., Swan, M., & Smaldone, A. (2015). Does diabetes self-management education in conjunction with primary care improve glycemic control in Hispanic patients? A systematic review and meta-analysis. The diabetes educator, 41(4), 472-484.
Ferdinand, K. C., & Nasser, S. A. (2015). Racial/ethnic disparities in prevalence and care of patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Current medical research and opinion, 31(5), 913-923.
Kharroubi, A. T., & Darwish, H. M. (2015). Diabetes mellitus: The epidemic of the century. World journal of diabetes, 6(6), 850.
Njeru, J. W., Wieland, M. L., Kwete, G., Tan, E. M., Breitkopf, C. R., Agunwamba, A. A., & Murad, M. H. (2018). Diabetes mellitus management among patients with limited English proficiency: a systematic review and meta-analysis. Journal of general internal medicine, 33(4), 524-532.
Rotberg, B., Greene, R., Ferez-Pinzon, A. M., Mejia, R., & Umpierrez, G. (2016). Improving diabetes care in the Latino population: The Emory Latino diabetes education program. American Journal of Health Education, 47(1), 1-7.
Venditti, E. M. (2016). Behavior change to prevent or delay Type 2 diabetes: Psychology in action. American Psychologist, 71(7), 602.Diabetes Hispanic Population Essay