You explained the different types of diabetes very well. Diabetes occurs due to inadequate control of blood glucose either from insulin sensitivity or lack of insulin production by the pancreas. Depending on the category of diabetes, treatment should be focused to improve patient outcome by minimizing side effects and improving medication compliance. As you mentioned, juvenile diabetes is a type 1 diabetes on children and youth. However, more children are being diagnosed with type 2 diabetes due to sedentary lifestyle and weight gain. According to the CDC (2017), about one-third of American youth are overweight which contributed to an increased number of type 2 diabetes in youth as young as 10 years old. Type 2 diabetes can be reversed through lifestyle modification, weight loss and increased activity.
You briefly mentioned about gestational diabetes risk factors. Additional risk factors of gestational diabetes according to Egbe et al. (2018) include maternal age, obesity, past history of unexplained still birth and macrosomia. Insulin is the drug of choice for gestational diabetes. As a healthcare provider it is important to educate patients about proper insulin use, administration and storage to prevent complications. For newly diagnosed type 1 diabetes patient return demonstration is beneficial to ensure effective administration of drug. Diabetes and Drug Treatments sample discussion essay
CDC. (2017). Prevent Type 2 Diabetes in Kids. https://www.cdc.gov/diabetes/prevent-type- 2/type-2-kids.html
Egbe, T. O., Tsaku, E. S., Tchounzou, R., & Ngowe, M. N. (2018). Prevalence and risk factors of
gestational diabetes mellitus in a population of pregnant women attending three health facilities in Limbe, Cameroon: a cross-sectional study. The Pan African medical journal, 31, 195. https://doi.org/10.11604/pamj.2018.31.195.17177