Beliefs Of Florence Nightingale On Nursing Essay
The major purpose of writing this book was to provide routine sanitary knowledge or the knowledge of nursing which is, in other words, is the methodology of creating the constitution in such a state which will have diseases or a state which will catalyze the process of recovery from a disease. This knowledge is being conveyed through this book as it was recognized as a knowledge that everyone should have. The role of nursing in catalyzing the process of natural healing is emphasized through the book. This book in totality aims at providing reasonability to the theories of nursing.
A disease or suffering is a reparative process instituted by nature. Nursing is ought to assist this reparative process. If a patient is cold, if a patient is feverish, if a patient is faint, if he is sick after taking food, if he has a bed-sore, it is generally the fault not of the disease, but of the nursing (Nightingale F,1860). Nursing is not mere administration of medicines but is ought to ensure the proper use of natural healers like fresh air, warmth, quietness, punctuality, cleanliness, dietary requirements or a combination of these.
The basic laws of health and nursing in the case of the well and the sick are in reality the same. The breaking of the rules would produce a lesser dynamic consequence in the case of the healthy but the consequence would be severe in the case of the sick.
One basic principle I am trying to put forward regarding nursing through this book is that the first rule of nursing is to keep the air within the nursing environment as fresh as that of the outside environment. Beliefs Of Florence Nightingale On Nursing Essay. Proper ventilation which lets in fresh air into the nursing environment would catalyze the natural healing process. However, it should be ensured that the patient is protected from bad air and chillness. This principle is important in nursing because an attempt to keep a ward warm at the expense of making the sick repeatedly breathe their own hot, humid, putrescent atmosphere is a certain way to delay recovery or to destroy life (Nightingale F,1860). The five integral factors in securing the health of a nursing environment especially in houses are pure water, efficient drainage, cleanliness, light, and pure air. These factors not only catalyze the healing but also would prevent the chances of infection.
Florence from childhood loved God and holy Book. According to her, on the seventh of February 1837, while she was walking in a garden, she heard the voice of God, which was call her to a specific mission (1, 2).
Florence in 1844 decided to work at the hospital. But, her parents were opposed to this idea. In England in the middle of the nineteen century, nursing was not a decent job (3). In July 1850, she went to Germany and France and worked as a volunteer in hospitals (1). Then in 1853, she returned to London and worked as a manager in the hospital that was called Institute of the sick women (2). A year later, something happened that opened a new way in the Florence life.
Crimean war: In 1854, Britain, France and Turkey started a war with Russia thus Crimean war began. In September in one of the struggles in Alma, the Russia was defeated but England had a lot of casualties (2). There was a lack of medical facilities and high mortality in British military camps. Sydney Herbert, the minister of war, was a friend of Florence; so, she took the advantage (3).
Florence in 1854 with 38 nurses went to a military camp of British soldiers, located on the outskirts of Constantinople (Istanbul) (2). Florence noticed that health status in these camps was devastating. Injured soldiers were left on the floor and the few doctors desperately were trying to manage patients with basic facilities, in dirty environment (4). Florence used her mathematical knowledge, and recorded the mortality rate in the hospital. Statistics showed that in every thousand injured soldiers, the six hundred were dying because of communicable and infectious diseases (2).
The Florence interventions were simple. She tried to provide a clean environment. She provided medical equipment, clean water and fruits (2). With this work the mortality rate decreased from 60% to 42% and then to 2.2% (4).
Florence was like mother for soldiers. She took the lamp every night and used to go to patients’ camp (3). Her great work attracted the attentions in England (5). She also used her fame and succeeded to attract the support of the Queen Victoria, Prince Albert and Prime Minister Lord Palmerston. Florence asked them to have a permission to do an official investigation in the context of the military hospitals. The request was agreed and then the Royal Institute of research on the health of the military established. She was a great humanitarian and scientific figure. Nightingale was also a well-known statistician as she has invented a special pie chart (Figure 2) (2). Beliefs Of Florence Nightingale On Nursing Essay.
Florence in 1860 established nightingale nursing school as the first nursing school in the world (4). With the establishment of this school, she changed nursing to a respectful profession.
End of life: Florence Nightingale in the last years of her life was suffering from a disease, which she acquired it during her service in Crimea (2). She wrote many book and reports, mostly in the field of nursing (3). One of these books, “notes on nursing” was published in 1860 that is the first book in nursing education. She insisted on the importance of building trusting relationships with patients (6). Nightingale believed that nurses’ presence with a client is a key stone for making a professional communication. Empathy with patient and making a common experience in moving toward health has been validated by Florence nightingale that reaches us to an aesthetic nursing care (7). Radmehr et al. (8) in a phenomenological study that is published in the present issue of Nursing and Midwifery Studies reported that understanding beyond words, creating a good and nice feeling by making the patient happy, and the sense of unity by perceiving the patient and the nurse as one existence are some aesthetic aspects of nursing (8); and showed that Iranian nurses also follow the spirit of nursing that has been established by Florence Nightingale. Florence services were the first efforts to relieve suffering during war. She died in 13 August 1910 at the age of ninety (1). There are some sentences of Florence included in Table 1 (9).